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    Engaging older youth: Program and City-Level Strategies to Support Sustained Participation in Out-of-School Time

    1/5/10 - Sarah N. Deschenes, Amy Arbreton, Priscilla M. Little, Carla Herrera, Jean Baldwin Grossman, Heather B. Weiss, Diana Lee

    "It’s not just elementary school children who can benefit from strong after-school and other out-of-school time (OST) programs; middle- and high-school students stand to gain as well. But programs have found it is much tougher to recruit older than younger youth and make sure they participate in OST activities regularly. This study looks at almost 200 programs serving mostly disadvantaged young people in six cities that are building systems of out-of-school time programs. Delving into how...

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    A matter of degrees: Preparing teachers for the Pre-K classroom

    1/30/10 - Marisa Bueno, Linda Darting-Hammond, Danielle Gonzales

    "Across the nation, states are investing substantial dollars in publicly funded, voluntary pre-kindergarten programs. These investments and initiatives come in response to research on brain development,1 accountability pressures to improve student achievement in elementary and secondary schools and strong evidence that high-quality pre-k can yield long-term benefits for children and society. The ultimate value of those investments, however, depends not only on the legislation that...

  • Academic Performance Gap Between Summer-Birthday and Fall-Birthday Children in Grades K-8

    1/1/06 - Oshima, T. C., Domaleski, Christopher S.

    Much interest exists among parents and researchers regarding the benefits and drawbacks of delaying kindergarten entrance to acquire academic advantage ("redshirting"). How evident is this assumed advantage at the kindergarten level and beyond? The authors evaluated largescale test data from Grades K-8 to investigate the difference in performance between younger children (summer birthday) and older children (fall birthday). The performance gap evident in kindergarten decreased rapidly in...

  • Addressing the Achievement Gap Between Minority and Nonminority Children by Increasing Access to Gifted Programs

    1/1/04 - Olszewski-Kubilius, Paula, Lee, Seon-young, Ngoi, Mephie

    Project EXCITE is a collaborative program of a university-based gifted center and local school districts designed to prepare gifted minority elementary and middle school students for advanced tracks in math and science in high school. This paper describes the characteristics and components of the EXCITE program and gives data regarding the academic and school achievement of participating students over the past 3 years. Results showed that most of the students were retained in the program...

  • Addressing the Achievement Gap Between Minority and Nonminority Children by Increasing Access to Gifted Programs

    1/1/04 - Olszewski-Kubilius, Paula, Lee, Seon-Young, Ngoi, Mephie, Ngoi, Daphne

    Project EXCITE is a collaborative program of a university-based gifted center and local school districts designed to prepare gifted minority elementary and middle school students for advanced tracks in math and science in high school. This paper describes the characteristics and components of the EXCITE program and gives data regarding the academic and school achievement of participating students over the past 3 years. Results showed that most of the students were retained in the program...

  • Between Two Worlds: How Young Latinos Come of Age in America

    1/1/09 - Pew Hispanic Center Staff

    A Pew Hispanic Center report based on a new nationwide survey of Latino youths and on analyses of government data examines the values, attitudes, experiences and self-identity of this generation as it comes of age in America.

  • Black “six hour retarded children” as young adults.

    1/1/84 - Koegel, P., & Edgerton, R. B. , R. B. Edgerton
  • Black-White achievement gap and family wealth

    1/1/08 - Yeung, W. Jean, Conley, Dalton

    This article examines the extent to which family wealth affects the Black-White test score gap for young children based on data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (aged 3-12). This study found little evidence that wealth mediated the Black-White test scores gaps, which were eliminated when child and family demographic covariates were held constant. However, family wealth had a stronger association with cognitive achievement of school-aged children than that of preschoolers and a...

  • Black–White Achievement Gap and Family Wealth

    1/1/08 - Yeung, W. Jean, Conley, Dalton

    This article examines the extent to which family wealth affects the Black–White test score gap for young children based on data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (aged 3–12). This study found little evidence that wealth mediated the Black–White test scores gaps, which were eliminated when child and family demographic covariates were held constant. However, family wealth had a stronger association with cognitive achievement of school-aged children than that of preschoolers and a...

  • Bridging the Acculturation Gap: Parent-Child Relationship Quality as a Moderator in Mexican American Families

    1/1/08 - Schofield, Thomas J., Parke, Ross D., Kim, Young, Coltrane, Scott

    The authors examined the degree to which disparities in parent and child acculturation are linked to both family and child adjustment. With a sample of 1st- and 2nd-generation Mexican American children, acculturation and parent-child relationship quality at 5th grade, and parent-child conflict, child internalizing, and child externalizing at 7th grade were measured. Acculturation gaps with fathers were found to be related to later father-child conflict as well as internalizing and...

  • Bridging the Gap: Towards an Understanding of Young Children's Thinking in Multiage Groups

    1/1/05 - Gerard, Maureen

    A study examined academic performance in multiage classes. Data were obtained from a multiage group of 29 nine, ten, and eleven-year-olds in a suburban area of a large metropolitan area in the western United States. Findings revealed no evidence of differences in academic performance on standardized tests for the students in this multiage group. Findings imply that multiage students are as intelligent as their counterparts of the same age.

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    Building an early childhood professional development system

    1/10/10 - Rachel Demma

    "Specialized knowledge of how young children develop and learn is critical for members of the early childhood workforce. All members of this workforce need access to preparation programs at two- and four-year colleges and opportunities for ongoing education and development. Unfortunately, many states are not collecting data about professional qualifications and ongoing professional development that could inform measures of program quality and child outcomes."

  • Cambodian Invisibility: Students Lost between the "Achievement Gap" and the "Model Minority"

    1/1/08 - Wallitt, Roberta

    This article discusses one aspect of a research study that explored the school experiences of Cambodian American students. Due to their invisibility in the school setting and also in the literature on school reform, these children from refugee families are often overlooked as schools attempt to "close the achievement gap." Through their own words, the young people provide insight as to why the schools are so ineffective in educating them, resulting in disproportionate dropout rates and...

  • Changing middle schools: how to make schools work for young adolescents.

    1/1/94 - Ames, N.L. & Miller, E.
  • Childhood poverty, chronic stress, and adult working memory

    1/1/09 - Evans, Gary W., Schamberg, Michelle A.

    The income–achievement gap is a formidable societal problem, but little is known about either neurocognitive or biological mechanisms that might account for income-related deficits in academic achievement. We show that childhood poverty is inversely related to working memory in young adults. Furthermore, this prospective relationship is mediated by elevated chronic stress during childhood. Chronic stress is measured by allostatic load, a biological marker of cumulative wear and tear...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap in Math: The Long-Term Effects of Eighth-Grade Algebra

    1/1/06 - Spielhagen, Frances R.

    Recent changes in national and state mathematics standards have increased the level of algebraic thinking taught in younger grades. These changes have prompted more inclusive curriculum designs that open the opportunity to enroll in advanced mathematics courses at younger ages. Of particular interest to this study is the access to eighth-grade algebra, once traditionally reserved for select populations. This study examined long-term academic outcomes for students who did or did not enroll in...

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