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(25 Results) Page: 1 2
- 1/9/10 - Lisa Guernsey, Sara Mead
"We, as a nation, are doing a very good job of squandering human potential and making life harder for all Americans as a result. This has to stop. If our government, at the local, state, and federal level, does not start investing in education systems that reach children before kindergarten, and if it does not get serious about providing children with high-quality instruction throughout the earliest years of their schooling, it is wasting taxpayer dollars, ignoring decades of research and...
- 1/1/06 - Chapin, June R.
Data were extracted from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS), a national sample of more than 20,000 kindergartners and first-graders. Fifty-one social studies and science test items were combined into a General Knowledge Test. This test was individually administered to each child with no reading required. General Knowledge Test scores were analyzed at two points in time: fall of kindergarten and spring of first grade. Wide racial-ethnic and very small gender differences were...
- 1/1/08 - Ron Glass
It is probably never easy to have a deep conversation with another person; each person’s hopes, fears, anxieties, doubts, dreams, and many other powerful feelings, conscious and unconscious, easily get in the way of honest and full expression. To have a deep conversation with a stranger, or with whole groups of strangers and even an entire community, can seem impossible.To talk openly and honestly about our experiences of schooling is equally challenging. Some of our most significant...
- 1/1/07 - Silverstein, J.S., Yettick, H., Foster, S., Welner, K., and Shepard, L.
Imagine antibiotics sitting unused in a cabinet while generation after generation of children perished from easily preventable infections.That is not unlike the situation we face in our schools today. Educational research has uncovered proven remedies with the potential to lower dropout rates. Yet Colorado’s dropout problem continues at epidemic rates. Approximately 30 percent of Colorado’s students fail to graduate within four years of starting high school. This dropout crisis is costly...
- 1/3/09 - Masiello, T.
Current thinking about early literacy learning was the focus of a research synthesis conducted by Anya Robyak, Tracy Masiello, Carol Trivette, Nicole Roper, and Carl Dunst at the Center for Early Literacy learning. These investigators examined 71 published papers, chapters, and books by current literacy experts, literacy centers, and professional organizations to assemble their recommendations for fostering early literacy learning. The researchers found that all sources of information...
- 1/5/09 - Jerry D. Weast
The district faced an indisputable fact: increasing numbers of young children impacted by poverty and language difference were starting school lagging behind their peers in basic
literacy and mathematics skills, and they often remained behind. If children were not meeting certain benchmarks by the end of first grade, there was little likelihood that they would
be able to read fl uently by third grade, an important indicator of academic success in the later years.5 So, the work began in the...
- 1/1/12 - Brown, Z.A. & DiRanna, K.
Equal access to content instruction is the foundation of educational equity—it reduces opportunity gaps that
lead to achievement gaps. Achievement gaps lead to gaps in college and career access, which lead to income
gaps. Income gaps lead to language gaps, thus perpetuating one of the most critical gaps we face in education.
This paper is about the importance of equal meaningful access to content instruction for English learners and
how academic-language instruction through content...
- 1/1/03 - Booth Kreisman, Michele
This study intends to illustrate the utility of general growth mixture modeling (GGMM) for evaluation of early childhood education programs, using a sample of children with Head Start experience. In the first analysis of this study growth mixture modeling (GMM) found that children with Head Start experience had two distinct growth patterns. In the second analysis of this study general growth mixture modeling found that children with two or more years of program participation did not have...
- 1/1/12 - Bos, J.M., Sanchez, R.C., Tseng, F., Rayyes, N., Ortiz, L., and Sinicrope, C.
English language proficiency is critical to academic achievement in the United States. For
several decades, educators and policymakers have explored strategies to ensure that English
language learner students have access to rigorous academic content as much as non–English
language learner students. Educating English language learner students is a challenge that has
become a civil rights issue and a topic of federal legislation. In 1968, Congress passed the
Bilingual Education Act...
- 1/23/10 - Center for American Progress,
"Expanding learning time, or ELT, in schools is a core strategy on the national education reform agenda as policymakers and educators recognize that the standard school calendar does not fit many students’ needs. Most U.S. students attend school for an average of 6.5 hours a day, for 180 days a year. This is not nearly enough time for many students, particularly those who are English language learners and those who start the school year learning below their grade level."
- 1/1/05 - Currie, Janet
The author documents pervasive racial disparities in the health of American children and analyzes how and how much those disparities contribute to racial gaps in school readiness. She explores a broad sample of health problems common to U.S. children, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, asthma, and lead poisoning, as well as maternal health problems and health-related behaviors that affect children's behavioral and cognitive readiness for school. If a health problem is to...
- 1/1/04 - Weinstein, Rhona S., Gregory, Anne, Strambler, Michael J.
The civil rights struggle for equal educational opportunity has yet to be achieved at the start of the 21st century. Inequality persists but problem and remedy are refrained from integrating schools, to ensuring equal access in resegregated settings, to closing the performance gap. As seen through ecological theory (R. S. Weinstein, 2002b), complex, multilayered, and interactive negative self-fulfilling prophecies create or perpetuate educational inequities and unequal outcomes. Society has...
- 1/1/04 - Weinstein, Rhona S., Gregory, Anne, Strambler, Michael J.
The civil rights struggle for equal educational opportunity has yet to be achieved at the start of the 21st century. Inequality persists but problem and remedy are reframed-- from integrating schools, to ensuring equal access in resegregated settings, to closing the petformance. gap. As seen through ecological theory (K S. Weinstein, 2002b), complex, multilayered, and interactive negative self-fulfilling prophecies create or perpetuate educational inequities and unequal outcomes. Society has...
- 1/1/07 - Alexander, Karl L., Entwisle, Doris R., Olson, Linda Steffel
Prior research has demonstrated that summer learning rooted in family and community influences widens the achievement gap across social lines, while schooling offsets those family and community influences. In this article, we examine the long-term educational consequences of summer learning differences by family socioeconomic level. Using data from the Baltimore Beginning School Study youth panel, we decompose achievement scores at the start of high school into their developmental...
- 1/9/10 - National Center for Research on Early Childhood Education,
"How good does an early childhood program have to be in order to achieve school readiness outcomes for children? This is known as the “threshold question,” and policy makers and others have wanted an answer to this question since the onset of public investments in early care and education (ECE) programs. With expansion of Head Start and pre-kindergarten programs for three- and four-year-old children, this question is getting even
- 1/1/04 - López, Maria G., Tashakkori, Abbas
Children with limited English proficiency are known to be at higher risk of school failure than their peers. Risk starts early, and the achievement lag of these children often widens with age and progression in the educational system. This study attempted to determine the effects of a 2-way bilingual education program on the literacy development of at-risk kindergarten students who had lower English proficiency and were in a higher failure risk bracket than a comparison group who had higher...