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Tag: socioeconomic

Tag » socioeconomic

  • pdf

    Diversity: School, Family, & Community Connections

    1/5/09 - Martha Boethel

    This is the third in a series of reports to help local school, community, and family leaders obtain useful research-based information about key educational issues. This synthesis focuses specifically on three categories: race or ethnicity, culture (including language), and socioeconomic status. The report also explores barriers to involvement for minority and low-income families, strategies that have been used to address those barriers, and recommendations that local educational leaders can...

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    Double the Work: Challenges and Solutions to Acquiring Language and Academic Literacy for Adolescent English Language Learners

    1/14/09 - Deborah J. Short, Shannon Fitzsimmons

    This report explores challenges to improving the literacy of adolescent ELLs who must complete double the work of native English-speaking students and still reach the same performance standards. In response to these challenges, the report presents recommendations for meeting ELLs’ varying literacy needs, taking into account their educational background, native language literacy, and socioeconomic status. Double the Work is informed by expert advice and a review of relevant literature and...

  • Educational investment, family context, and children's math and reading growth from kindergarten through the third grade

    1/1/08 - Cheadle, Jacob E.

    Drawing on longitudinal data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, this study used IRT modeling to operationalize a measure of parental educational investments based on Lareau's notion of concerted cultivation. It used multilevel piecewise growth models regressing children's math and reading achievement from entry into kindergarten through the third grade on concerted cultivation and family context variables. The results indicate that educational...

  • Effects of Cultural and Social Structural Factors on the Achievement of White and Chinese American Students at School Transition Points

    1/1/06 - Pearce, Richard R.

    Chinese Americans' high levels of educational achievement have earned them attention as a "model minority" to be emulated by underachieving and underrepresented minority groups. However, the model minority analogy does not adequately explain how this achievement is realized, nor how such information can be used to help other groups close the achievement gap. The ability of both White and Chinese American students to weather school transitions and to remain on track for high achievement and...

  • Eradicating the Achievement Gap: History, Education, and Reformation

    1/1/08 - Allen, Sharonda

    The article discusses how the achievement gap can be abolished through tracing the roots of public school education, a curriculum applicable to all students and through reform efforts of educators. Senior fellow of the J. McDonald Williams Institute defined achievement gap as examining differences in racial and socioeconomic factors affecting student achievement in U.S. schools. An overview of the suggestions for reform efforts of educators is offered. The author suggests that educators must...

  • Examining disparities in mathematics education: Achievement gap or opportunity gap?

    1/1/07 - Flores, Alfinio

    The so-called achievement gap in mathematics is reframed as a problem of unequal opportunities to learn experienced by many low-income students and many Latino and African American students. First, data are presented showing striking and persistent differences on standardized tests among students of different ethnic groups, and socioeconomic levels. Then evidence is presented demonstrating that opportunities to learn mathematics are not equally distributed among all students. Specifically...

  • Examining Disparities in Mathematics Education: Achievement Gap or Opportunity Gap?

    1/1/07 - Flores, Alfinio

    The so-called achievement gap in mathematics is reframed as a problem of unequal opportunities to learn experienced by many low-income students and many Latino and African American students. First, data are presented showing striking and persistent differences on standardized tests among students of different ethnic groups, and socioeconomic levels. Then evidence is presented demonstrating that opportunities to learn mathematics are not equally distributed among all students. Specifically...

  • Examining Disparities in Mathematics Education: Achievement Gap or Opportunity Gap?

    1/1/07 - Flores, Alfinio

    The so-called achievement gap in mathematics is reframed as a problem of unequal opportunities to learn experienced by many low-income students and many Latino and African American students. First, data are presented showing striking and persistent differences on standardized tests among students of different ethnic groups, and socioeconomic levels. Then evidence is presented demonstrating that opportunities to learn mathematics are not equally distributed among all students. Specifically...

  • Family Must Be a Part of the Solution in Closing the Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Darling, Sharon

    The article focuses on the study which examines the role of the family in closing the achievement gap of students. Some people believe that creating more school programs that separate low-income children form their parents would solve problems that students may have. According to the study released by Paul Von Hippel, students in year-round schools do not learn more than their peers in traditional nine-month schools. The research also shows that parental involvement has made a positive...

  • Father-absense and scholastic performance in primary school children

    1/1/85 - Vandamme, Thomas H., Schwartz, Steven

    Studied the relationship between father absence and academic achievement in 21 females and 19 males from father-present (FP) homes and 21 females and 19 males from father-absent (FA) homes, all of whom were aged 8–12 yrs and of predominantly lower socioeconomic status (SES). Ss completed a battery of psychometric tests, including the Progressive Matrices, the Stanford Diagnostic Arithmetic Test—Levels I and II (Form W) and the GAP Reading Comprehension Test. Differences between...

  • Health Disparities and Gaps in School Readiness

    1/1/05 - Currie, Janet

    The author documents pervasive racial disparities in the health of American children and analyzes how and how much those disparities contribute to racial gaps in school readiness. She explores a broad sample of health problems common to U.S. children, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, asthma, and lead poisoning, as well as maternal health problems and health-related behaviors that affect children's behavioral and cognitive readiness for school. If a health problem is to...

  • Lasting Consequences of the Summer Learning Gap

    1/1/07 - Alexander, Karl L., Entwisle, Doris R., Olson, Linda Steffel

    Prior research has demonstrated that summer learning rooted in family and community influences widens the achievement gap across social lines, while schooling offsets those family and community influences. In this article, we examine the long-term educational consequences of summer learning differences by family socioeconomic level. Using data from the Baltimore Beginning School Study youth panel, we decompose achievement scores at the start of high school into their developmental...

  • Neuroscience Perspectives on Disparities in School Readiness and Cognitive Achievement

    1/1/05 - Noble, Kimberly G., Tottenham, Nim, Casey, B. J.

    This article allows readers to look at racial and ethnic disparities in school readiness from a neuroscience perspective. Although researchers have traditionally measured gaps in school readiness using broad achievement tests, they can now assess readiness in terms of more specific brain-based cognitive functions. Three neurocognitive systems--cognitive control, learning and memory, and reading--are essential for success in school. Thanks to recent advances in brain imaging, it is now...

  • Parental advantagement, IQ, and differential responsiveness to an education enrichment program

    1/1/74 - Sturgis, Daniel K., Iacono, C. U., Kunce, Joseph T.

    Reports on the effectiveness of a large experimental program to provide assistance to students according to their diagnosed needs. Ss were 878 1st-grade students. It is concluded that the program helped to reduce the gap in achievement between the less capable students and their peers. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA )

  • Race, cultural capital and educational resources: Persistent inequalities and achievement returns

    1/1/99 - Roscigno, Vincent J., Ainsworth-Darnell, James W.

    Examined the extent to which Black and White students differ in cultural capital and household educational resources, the mediating role these attributes may play between family background and racial disparities in academic achievement, and whether educational returns vary by racial group. Data were obtained from the National Education Longitudinal Survey (1990) of 16,189 10th graders (83.6% White, 16.4% Black). The findings of a statistical analysis show that significant racial variations...

  • Racial and ethnic achievement gap trends: reversing the progress toward equity?

    1/1/02 - Lee, Jaekyung

    Racial and ethnic achievement gaps narrowed substantially in the 1970s and 1980s. As some of the gaps widened in the 1990s, there were some setbacks in the progress the nation made toward racial and ethnic equity. This article offers a look below the surface at Black-White and Hispanic-White achievement gap trends over the past 30 years. The literature review and data analysis identify the key factors that seem to have contributed to bifurcated patterns in achievement gaps. The conventional...

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