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New Project Forum report on Principal Preparedness to Support Diverse Learners

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  • Ethnic disparities in special education labeling among children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

    1/1/08 - Mandell, David S., Davis, Jasmine K., Bevans, Katherine, Guevara, James P.

    The authors examined disparities in special education labeling among children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by merging calendar year 2002 special education records and Medicaid mental health claims for 4,852 children who had been diagnosed with ADHD in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Thirty-eight percent were receiving special education services. In adjusted analyses, Black children were less likely than White children to receive these services (odds ratio...

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    Forum guide to data ethics

    1/1/10 - National Forum on Education Statistics,

    "Each and every day, educators collect and use data about students, staff, and schools. Some of these data originate in individual student and staff records that are confidential or otherwise sensitive. And even those data that are a matter of public record, such as aggregate school enrollment, need to be accessed, presented, and used in an ethically responsible manner. While laws set the legal parameters that govern data use, ethics establish fundamental principles of "right and wrong" that...

  • On Interpreting Research on Stereotype Threat and Test Performance

    1/1/05 - Sackett, Paul R., Hardison, Chaitra M., Cullen, Michael J.

    The authors comment on the comments (see records 2005-03019-016; 2005-03019-017; 2005-03019-018) made on their original article entitled <i>On Interpreting Stereotype Threat as Accounting for African American-White Differences on Cognitive Tests</i> (see record 2004-10043-001). The authors welcome the thoughtful insights of Wicherts, Helms, and Cohen and Sherman, and they hope that these comments stimulate further critical analysis of methodological issues associated with stereotype threat...

  • Teacher expectations, classroom context, and the achievement gap

    1/1/08 - McKown, Clark, Weinstein, Rhona S.

    In two independent datasets with 1872 elementary-aged children in 83 classrooms, Studies 1 and 2 examined the role of classroom context in moderating the relationship between child ethnicity and teacher expectations. For Study 1 overall and Study 2 mixed-grade classrooms, in ethnically diverse classrooms where students reported high levels of differential teacher treatment (PDT) towards high and low achieving students, teacher expectations of European American and Asian American students...

  • "They might need a little extra hand, you know": Latino students in at-risk programs

    1/1/08 - Fairbrother, Anne

    This is a qualitative study in a school district in a large city in the Southwest in response to the research question, "What are staff and student expectations for, and assessment of, three 'at-risk' programs in this large school district?" Four thematic findings from observations and interviews in four classes in two high school alternative programs and one alternative high school over one semester are reported, concerning (a) commitment to the programs, (b) labeling of students, (c...

  • Entre la Espada y la Pared: Critical Educators, Bilingual Education, and Education Reform

    1/1/05 - Olivos, Edward M., Quintana de Valladolid, Carmen E.

    From the perspective of two practitioners who have been influenced by work in the area of critical pedagogy and critical theory, this article examines bilingual education, education reform, and the achievement gap in relation to Latino English Language Learners. The authors integrate personal experiences as they examine underlying assumptions of class, race, and asymmetrical power relations in current education policy and classroom practice. They argue that, despite feelings of being...

  • A "gap-gazing" fetish in mathematics education? Problematizing research on the achievement gap

    1/1/08 - Gutiérrez, Rochelle

    A substantial amount of research in mathematics education seeks to document disparities in achievement between middle-class White students and students who are Black, Latina/Latino, First Nations, English language learners, or working class. I outline the dangers in maintaining an achievement-gap focus. These dangers include offering little more than a static picture of inequities, supporting deficit thinking and negative narratives about students of color and working-class students...

  • A comparison of the academic performance of Black and White freshman students on an urban commuter campus

    1/1/86 - Mannan, Golam, Charleston, Lillian, Saghafi, Behrooz

    Compared the academic performance of 3,279 entering undergraduates at a midwestern commuter university in terms of whether they had been admitted to the regular academic program or to a remedial program. Based on placement test scores, 152 Blacks and 459 Whites had been placed in remedial English and mathematics courses. Findings show that in terms of grade point averages (GPAs), Black students' performance lagged behind that of White students in both regular and remedial programs even when...

  • A different view of the IQ-achievement gap

    1/1/76 - Gordon, Margaret T.

    Investigated the relationship between children's IQ and scholastic achievement scores and race, occupational attainment, and social mobility of their parents. The IQ and achievement test scores of 1,102 Chicago area 5th and 6th graders--Black and White, middle- and working-class--were aggregated into 7 cohorts of approximately equal IQ scores. Within these cohorts differences in achievement emerged which could not be attributed to race- or class-linked intellectual discrepancies. Among Ss...

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    A User's Guide to Advocacy Evaluation Planning

    1/30/09 - Julia Coffman

    A User's Guide to Advocacy Evaluation Planning was developed for advocates, evaluators, and funders who want guidance on how to evaluate advocacy and policy change efforts. This tool takes users through four basic steps that generate the core elements of an advocacy evaluation plan, including what will be measured and how. The tool helps users: Identify how the evaluation will be used and who will use it to ensure the evaluation delivers the right kind of information when it is needed; Map...

  • Academic achievement of low birthweight children at age 11: The role of cognitive abilities at school entry

    1/1/01 - Breslau, N., Johnson, E. O., Lucia, V. C.

    Examined the extent to which deficits in academic achievement in low birthweight (LBW) children at age 11 are explained by deficits in cognitive abilities at school entry. Data come from a longitudinal study of a stratified sample of LBW and normal birthweight (NBW) children from an innercity and middle class suburbs in the Detroit area. Woodcock-Johnson Psychoeducational Battery--Revised was used to measure reading and math at age 11. WISC-R and specific neuropsychologic tests were...

  • Accountability in a Postdesegregation Era: The Continuing Significance of Racial Segregation in Florida's Schools

    1/1/04 - Borman, Kathryn M., Eitle, Tamela McNulty, Michael, Deanna, Eitle, David J., Lee, Reginald, Johnson, Larry, Cobb-Roberts, Deirdre, Dorn, Sherman, Shircliffe, Barbara

    In the wake of both the end of court-ordered school desegregation and the growing popularity of accountability as a mechanism to maximize student achievement, the authors explore the association between racial segregation and the percentage of students passing high-stakes tests in Florida's schools. Results suggest that segregation matters in predicting school-level performance on the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test after control for other known and purported predictors of standardized...

  • Accountability, Standards, and the Growing Achievement Gap: Lessons from the Past Half-Century

    1/1/06 - Harris, Douglas N., Herrington, Carolyn D.

    The rise of accountability policies during the early 1990s coincided with an increase in the achievement gap between white and minority students, reversing decades of steady improvement in outcome equity. This article explores the policies that helped to reduce the achievement gap before 1990, the effects of the subsequent shift toward accountability, and what can be learned from past successes to guide the future development of accountability systems. An extensive review of research...

  • Achievement disparities between minority and nonminority students in suburban schools

    1/1/90 - Levine, Daniel U., Eubanks, Eugene E.

    National data show that in 1986, African-American (AA) and Hispanic (HS) 13-yr-old students with college-educated parents had average reading proficiency scores 16 and 13 points (respectively) below the average for comparable White students. Reading and spelling performance data for 5th-8th graders at a suburban school show that in 1988, AAs were near or above the national norm in spelling but were clearly below the national norm in reading comprehension. Data on AAs' performance in southern...

  • Addressing the Achievement Gap Between Minority and Nonminority Children by Increasing Access to Gifted Programs

    1/1/04 - Olszewski-Kubilius, Paula, Lee, Seon-Young, Ngoi, Mephie, Ngoi, Daphne

    Project EXCITE is a collaborative program of a university-based gifted center and local school districts designed to prepare gifted minority elementary and middle school students for advanced tracks in math and science in high school. This paper describes the characteristics and components of the EXCITE program and gives data regarding the academic and school achievement of participating students over the past 3 years. Results showed that most of the students were retained in the program...

  • Advocacy as a Critical Role for Urban School Counselors: Working Toward Equity and Social Justice

    1/1/05 - Bemak, Fred, Chung, Rita Chi-Ying

    The academic achievement gap of students of color and low-income students as compared to middle and upper socioeconomic students and White students has been clearly documented. Historically the long-standing role of the school counselor has contributed to the status quo of these inequities, inadvertently maintaining educational and social disparities. This has been reflected in school counselors' training, role or job descriptions, and actual practice. This article explores the need for a...

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