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Tag: preschool

Tag » preschool

  • Inequality in Preschool Education and School Readiness

    1/1/04 - Magnuson, Katherine A., Meyers, Marcia K., Ruhm, Christopher J., Waldfogel, Jane

    Attendance in U.S. preschools has risen substantially in recent decades, but gaps in enrollment between children from advantaged and disadvantaged families remain. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, we analyze the effect of participation in child care and early education on children's school readiness as measured by early reading and math skills in kindergarten and first grade. We find that children who attended a center or school-based...

  • Academic achievement of low birthweight children at age 11: The role of cognitive abilities at school entry

    1/1/01 - Breslau, N., Johnson, E. O., Lucia, V. C.

    Examined the extent to which deficits in academic achievement in low birthweight (LBW) children at age 11 are explained by deficits in cognitive abilities at school entry. Data come from a longitudinal study of a stratified sample of LBW and normal birthweight (NBW) children from an innercity and middle class suburbs in the Detroit area. Woodcock-Johnson Psychoeducational Battery--Revised was used to measure reading and math at age 11. WISC-R and specific neuropsychologic tests were...

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    Access to Pre-K education under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act

    1/31/10 - Education Law Center,

    "Under federal law, states are required to ensure that homeless children have equal access to the same free, appropriate public education, including a public preschool education, as provided to other children and youths. This policy brief provides an overview of the law and its limitations and describes policies that can help increase the number of homeless children included in pre-k programs. It is intended to serve as a resource for state policy makers and advocates seeking to maximize...

  • Black-White achievement gap and family wealth

    1/1/08 - Yeung, W. Jean, Conley, Dalton

    This article examines the extent to which family wealth affects the Black-White test score gap for young children based on data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (aged 3-12). This study found little evidence that wealth mediated the Black-White test scores gaps, which were eliminated when child and family demographic covariates were held constant. However, family wealth had a stronger association with cognitive achievement of school-aged children than that of preschoolers and a...

  • Black–White Achievement Gap and Family Wealth

    1/1/08 - Yeung, W. Jean, Conley, Dalton

    This article examines the extent to which family wealth affects the Black–White test score gap for young children based on data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (aged 3–12). This study found little evidence that wealth mediated the Black–White test scores gaps, which were eliminated when child and family demographic covariates were held constant. However, family wealth had a stronger association with cognitive achievement of school-aged children than that of preschoolers and a...

  • Children's Story Retelling as a Literacy and Language Enhancement Strategy

    1/1/12 - Dunst, C.J; Simkus, A., & Hamby, D.W.

    The effects of children's story retelling on early literacy and language development was examined in a meta-analysis of 11 studies including 687 toddlers and preschoolers. Results indicated that children's story retelling influenced both story-related comprehension and expressive vocabulary as well as nonstory-related receptive language and early literacy development. Findings also showed that the use of the characterisitics that experts consider the important features of retelling practices...

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    Considering Inclusion and the Preschool Education of Immigrant Children in the United States

    1/1/10 - Arzubiaga, Angela E. & Mulligan, Elaine M

    In this article, we take this viewpoint to discuss inclusion in the U. S. and the education of children in immigrant families. We make explicit some of the arguments in the inclusion field to draw parallels with conversations on the education of children in immigrant families. We also provide the landscape on children in immigrant families and preschool in the United States.

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    Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) Preschool--Kindergarten 2007 Psychometric Report

    1/23/10 - Michelle Najarian, Kyle Snow, Jean Lennon, Susan Kinsey, Gail Mulligan

    "This methodology report documents the design, development, and psychometric characteristics of the assessment instruments used in the preschool and kindergarten waves of the ECLS-B. The assessment instruments measure children's cognitive development in early reading and mathematics, socioemotional functioning, fine and gross motor skills, and physical development (height, weight, middle upper arm circumference, and head circumference). The report also includes information about indirect...

  • Early literacy and developmentally appropriate practice: Closing the achievement gap

    1/1/05 - Abadiano, Helen R., Turner, Jesse

    A review of research on developmentally appropriate early literacy instruction for preschool students is provided. This review covers research on preschool attendance as a predictor of subsequent literacy success and effective cognitive comprehension strategies for young children.

  • Evaluating academic outcomes of head start: An application of general growth mixture modeling

    1/1/03 - Booth Kreisman, Michele

    This study intends to illustrate the utility of general growth mixture modeling (GGMM) for evaluation of early childhood education programs, using a sample of children with Head Start experience. In the first analysis of this study growth mixture modeling (GMM) found that children with Head Start experience had two distinct growth patterns. In the second analysis of this study general growth mixture modeling found that children with two or more years of program participation did not have...

  • Evidence of Learning at Seattle's South Shore School

    11/1/13

    In the 2011-2012 school year, South Shore enrolled approximately 700 students in grades pre-K through 8. Students at South Shore are predominantly African-American and Asian and are drawn mostly from southeastern Seattle.

  • Family Education and Community Power: new structures for new visions in the educational village

    1/1/02 - Breitborde, Mary-Lou, Swiniarski, Louise Boyle

    Noting that differences and inequality of education exist in the United States of America, this paper presents two model educational programs that address the iniquities in American public education. The first model is a collaborative effort of a public school in an urban northeast community, the Robert L. Ford Elementary School of Lynn, Massachusetts, USA and a public supported college of higher education, Salem State College, Salem, Massachusetts, USA, whose joint venture is known as The...

  • From Research to Policy and Practice: The School of the 21st Century

    1/1/07 - Zigler, Edward, Finn-Stevenson, Matia

    Current education reform policies focus on raising academic achievement and ensuring that all students have access to high-quality education. Because the achievement gap is apparent even before children enter school, the authors believe that education reform must encompass the early childhood years. The current dialogue about universal preschool presents an opportunity to address the need for a national system for early care and education. The authors believe this system should provide...

  • Help Close the Achievement Gap

    1/1/05 - Peebles-Wilkins, Wilma

    Haskins and Rouse (2005) propose high-quality educational interventions that target both the parent and the child. There is an emphasis on collaborating with parents to the maximum degree possible. The authors review a number of highly successful early intervention programs with different approaches and acknowledge that several programs that focus solely on the children also yield successful outcomes. In addition to the more traditional educational interventions, the authors recommend...

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    Including children with disabilities in state pre-k programs

    1/31/10 - Education Law Center,

    "States and local school districts are required by federal law to educate preschool age children with disabilities in typical early childhood programs alongside children who do not have disabilities to the maximum extent appropriate. This policy brief provides an overview of the law and sets forth a list of policy recommendations that can help ensure that children with disabilities receive an appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment. It is intended to serve as a...

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    Intervention: Ladders to Literacy (Early Childhood Education)

    1/31/10 - What Works Clearinghouse

    Based on two studies, the WWC considers the extent of evidence for Ladders to Literacy on preschool children to be medium to large for oral language and small for print knowledge, phonological processing, and math. No studies that meet WWC evidence standards with or without reservations examined the effectiveness of Ladders to Literacy on preschool children in the early reading/writing or cognition domains.

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