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  • The achievement gap. A comparison of Anglo and Navajo student writing samples

    1/1/02 - Ashmore, Rhea A., Shields, Carolyn M.

    A study compared the writing performance of Anglo and Navajo students. Participants were 122 students in grades 7 and 11 who were required to respond in writing to 30 questions. The results indicated that there was no difference between the Navajo and Anglo children either in the average number of passages containing at least 30 words or in the richness of the content and ideas expressed and that although there was a gap in mechanics in favor of the Anglo students, this gap narrowed between...

  • "PRACTICING WHAT WE PREACH: AN ARGUMENT FOR COOPERATIVE LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES FOR ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATORS"

    1/1/05 - Coke, Pamela K.

    Van Allen (1996) supports a paradigm shift in how Americans think about education, from a view of school as hierarchy to school as continuum. While the relationship between elementary and secondary education is not always visible, teachers can model cooperative learning for students by working as a team across grade levels to solve problems, complete tasks, and accomplish common goals, such as reducing gaps and redundancies in education. Schools could respond more productively to elementary...

  • A "Gap-Gazing" Fetish In Mathematics Education? Problematizing Research on the Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Gutiérrez, Rochelle

    A substantial amount of research in mathematics education seeks to document disparities in achievement between middle-class White students and students who are Black, Latina/Latino, First Nations, English language learners, or working class. I outline the dangers in maintaining an achievement-gap focus. These dangers include offering little more than a static picture of inequities, supporting deficit thinking and negative narratives about students of color and working-class students...

  • A Critical Race Analysis of the Achievement Gap in the United States: Politics, Reality, and Hope

    1/1/06 - Taylor, Edward

    Federal educational legislation in the United States has focused increased attention on the racial achievement gap between minority and majority students. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation has forced high-stakes accountability in public schools, with the assumption that these policies will create performance pressures on schools to improve achievement. Yet, there is considerable evidence that performance pressures alone are unlikely to reverse long-standing racialized policies and...

  • A NEW YEAR'S RESOLUTION FOR 2007: INCREASE UNDERSTANDING OF ADOLESCENT LITERACY TO HELP CLOSE THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP

    1/1/07 - Donlevy, Jim

    The academic Achievement Gap persists even as calls intensify to close it. One fruitful area for helping to address achievement disparities is adolescent literacy. Although a great deal is known about teaching reading in the early grades, not as much is known about middle and high school literacy, areas where the Achievement Gap becomes more pronounced. This article reviews previous New Year's resolutions, calls for greater understanding of adolescent literacy, and describes some...

  • Academic achievement of homeless and highly mobile children in an urban school district: Longitudinal evidence on risk, growth, and resilience

    1/1/09 - Obradović, Jelena, Long, Jeffrey D., Cutuli, J. J., Chi-Keung, Chan, Hinz, Elizabeth, Heistad, David, Masten, Ann S.

    Longitudinal growth trajectories of reading and math achievement were studied in four primary school grade cohorts (GCs) of a large urban district to examine academic risk and resilience in homeless and highly mobile (H/HM) students. Initial achievement was assessed when student cohorts were in the second, third, fourth, and fifth grades, and again 12 and 18 months later. Achievement trajectories of H/HM students were compared to low-income but nonmobile students and all other tested...

  • Access to Higher Education: The Hope for Democratic Schooling in America

    1/1/04 - Burke, J. Bruce, Johnstone, Michelle

    The American aspiration for higher education as a road to a better life for everyone is threatened. As the economic and social gap between the upper third of the population and the bottom third widens, so access to better education, especially to higher education, becomes increasingly difficult to achieve. The traditional role of hope in the American Democratic Dream of a just and fair society is being eroded, as increasing numbers of Americans are marginalized, jailed, recruited into...

  • Achieving inclusion through CLAD: Collaborative Learning Assessment through Dialogue

    1/1/08 - Fitch, E. Frank, Hulgin, Kathleen M.

    This study measures the effectiveness of Collaborative Learning Assessment through Dialogue (CLAD) on reading achievement in inclusive classrooms in the USA. The CLAD process involved students collaboratively completing multiple-choice quizzes, using dialogue and critical thinking to reach consensus and receiving immediate feedback on their responses. The procedure was implemented in three third-grade classrooms (n = 30) in a midwestern elementary school for the purpose of reducing a...

  • African American Male Adolescents, Schooling (and Mathematics): Deficiency, Rejection, and Achievement

    1/1/06 - Stinson, David W.

    The academic achievement gap, particularly the mathematics achievement gap, between Black students and their White counterparts has been well documented with numerical facts. As mathematics education researchers attempt to develop theories and practices that assist in eradicating the gap, they would serve mathematics education well if they would expand the sphere of their research into the sociocultural arena. To assist in expanding the sphere, this article presents a review of key...

  • AFRICAN AMERICAN PARENTS IN THE SEARCH STAGE OF COLLEGE CHOICE

    1/1/06 - Smith, Michael J., Fleming, Michael K.

    A serious imbalance exists in today's African American undergraduate student population in which the number of women far outnumber the number of men. Although at the macro level, political, sociological, and economic forces frame this gender enrollment gap, scant research has explored microlevel influences such as parents and parenting. This study uses a qualitative methodology and Hossler's model of college choice to examine African American parent involvement during the search stage. The...

  • Analyzing the Minority Gap in Achievement Scores: Issues for States and Federal Government

    1/1/03 - Miller, G. Edward

    The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires that states demonstrate a reduction in the test score minority gap over time but does not specify what methodology states must use to demonstrate this. The Act also requires that a measure of Adequate Yearly Progress be established by each state expressed in terms of the percent of students who achieve a level of "proficiency" on the state examination. While the most common methods used by states for analyzing the minority gap in test scores over...

  • Another Look at the Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Ford, Donna Y., Grantham, Tarek C., Whiting, Gilman W.

    Many studies have been conducted on the achievement gap, with most findings pointing to how school and family variables affect Black students' achievement. Another body of work focuses on how social variables (i.e., peers) impact Black students' achievement, including how accusations of "acting White" affect the performance of Black students and contribute to the achievement gap. The current descriptive and exploratory study extends this work by examining peer pressure among Black students...

  • Back to school guide for creating LGBT inclusive environments

    GLSEN

    While preparing for the school year, keep in mind that there are simple things you can do to ensure that your  classroom or school is a safe and inclusive space for all students, regardless of sexual orientation, gender identity  or gender expression.  Here are some easy steps you can take.  Follow the links in each step to gather more  information

  • Barriers to School Involvement: Are Immigrant Parents Disadvantaged?

    1/1/09 - Turney, Kristin, Kao, Grace

    Parental involvement at school offers unique opportunities for parents, and this school-based involvement has important implications for children's academic and behavioral outcomes. The authors used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (National Center for Education Statistics, 2001) to examine race and immigrant differences in barriers to parental involvement at school. Minority immigrant parents, compared with native-born parents, reported more barriers to...

  • Beyond Black and White: The Model Minority Myth and the Invisibility of Asian American Students

    1/1/07 - Wing, Jean

    This study of diverse Asian American students at a racially integrated public high school illustrates that the achievement gap is a multi-racial problem that cannot be well understood solely in terms of the trajectories of Black and white students. Asian American students demonstrated a high academic profile on average, but faced difficulties and failure in ways rendered invisible by widespread acceptance of the “Model Minority Myth,” which says that Asians comprise the racial minority...

  • Beyond High School: An Examination of Hispanic Educational Attainment

    1/1/00 - Jasinski, Jana L.

    Low educational attainment has been a barrier to the advancement of Hispanic Americans in the United States, and a number of explanations for this have been suggested. One group of explanations centers around Hispanic Americans' use and exposure to English. A second group of explanations focuses more on socioeconomic disadvantages facing this population. Much of the research that looks at educational attainment among Hispanic Americans, however, does not consider Hispanic group differences...

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