Tag » economic
(59 Results) Page: 1 2 3 4
- 1/1/06 - Neuman, Susan B., Celano, Donna
This study examines children's uses of reading resources in neighborhood public libraries that have been transformed to "level the playing field." Through foundation funding (US$20 million), the public library system of Philadelphia converted neighborhood branch libraries into a technologized modern urban library system, hoping to improve the lives of disadvantaged children and their families by closing the achievement gap. Using a mosaic of ethnographic methodologies, four studies examined...
- 1/1/02 - Lubienski, Sarah Theule
A study investigated the disparities between white and African-American students' mathematics performance, with attention to interactions between race and socioeconomic status (SES). Data were obtained from the 1990, 1996, and 2000 National Assessment of Educational Progress. Although the results revealed substantial achievement gaps between African-American students and their white counterparts--such as 12th grade African-American students scoring below 8th grade white students--an analysis...
- 1/1/12 - Alliance for Excellent Education
The nation’s economy is only as strong as the educational foundation that supports it. Economic
success in the twenty-first century requires a labor force capable of demonstrating an advanced level of
both knowledge and skill. To be a true engine of growth, the nation’s education system must be
aligned with these demands. This is why the reauthorization of the Carl D. Perkins Career and
Technical Educational Improvement Act of 2006 (Perkins), the nation’s largest federal investment...
- 1/1/06 - Donlevy, Jim
There are still far too many poor and minority children being educated in schools with inadequate resources and poorly trained and uncertified staff. Sadly, educational results for children in such schools are significantly below those of children in better-funded schools and districts. This article reviews recent New Year's resolutions made in the Journal and calls for "Closing the Achievement Gap" as the New Year's resolution for 2006. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.
- 1/1/09 - Brown, C.,
The eminence, safety, and well-being of nations have been entwined for
centuries with the ability of their people to deal with sophisticated quantitative
ideas. Leading societies have commanded mathematical skills that have brought
them advantages in medicine and health, in technology and commerce, in
navigation and exploration, in defense and finance, and in the ability to understand
past failures and to forecast future developments. History is full of examples.
During most of the 20th...
- 1/1/04 - Burke, J. Bruce, Johnstone, Michelle
The American aspiration for higher education as a road to a better life for everyone is threatened. As the economic and social gap between the upper third of the population and the bottom third widens, so access to better education, especially to higher education, becomes increasingly difficult to achieve. The traditional role of hope in the American Democratic Dream of a just and fair society is being eroded, as increasing numbers of Americans are marginalized, jailed, recruited into...
- 1/1/06 - Smith, Michael J., Fleming, Michael K.
A serious imbalance exists in today's African American undergraduate student population in which the number of women far outnumber the number of men. Although at the macro level, political, sociological, and economic forces frame this gender enrollment gap, scant research has explored microlevel influences such as parents and parenting. This study uses a qualitative methodology and Hossler's model of college choice to examine African American parent involvement during the search stage. The...
- 1/1/08 - Campos, David
The article discusses how lessons taught to white and Asian students may eliminate the achievement gap. According to the author, social factors affect children of color including African American and Latino school children making them not as proficient as their white and Asian-American counterparts. An overview of the lesson plan reflecting questions on the students' personal experience that relate to social, political, and economic conditions is offered. The author suggests that teachers...
- 1/1/03 - Hughes, Sherick A.
A study investigated the effect of ethnicity and socioeconomic status on the mathematics scores of third-grade students. Data were obtained from 687 students in an affluent city school district in North Carolina. Findings suggested that ethnicity and socioeconomic status had a significant effect on third-grade students' mathematics scores. Moreover, findings indicated that strong social forces sustained the achievement gap between African-American and white students, even when affluent...
- 1/7/09 - Center on Education Policy,
"This report looks at the early efforts of states to implement the elementary and secondary education provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. The findings are drawn from a survey of officials in state education agencies and governors’ offices in 44 states and the District of Columbia. Key findings concern the financial condition of state education budgets, progress toward meeting the reform assurances, interest in national content standards and the Race to the Top...
- 1/1/08 - Rath, Muralidhar
The failure or poor performance of tribal students in their academic tests has initiated deep debates and grave discussions now-a-days. It is worthwhile to note that tribal students in India are not only they who reside in ashrams or hostels of different urban schools and colleges, and are mostly compared by researchers with non-tribal students. Rather, a major portion of tribals dwell in rural and tribal settings and some of them pursue their education in poorly maintained schools and...
- 1/1/00 - Jasinski, Jana L.
Low educational attainment has been a barrier to the advancement of Hispanic Americans in the United States, and a number of explanations for this have been suggested. One group of explanations centers around Hispanic Americans' use and exposure to English. A second group of explanations focuses more on socioeconomic disadvantages facing this population. Much of the research that looks at educational attainment among Hispanic Americans, however, does not consider Hispanic group differences...
- 1/1/08 - Yeung, W. Jean, Conley, Dalton
This article examines the extent to which family wealth affects the Black–White test score gap for young children based on data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (aged 3–12). This study found little evidence that wealth mediated the Black–White test scores gaps, which were eliminated when child and family demographic covariates were held constant. However, family wealth had a stronger association with cognitive achievement of school-aged children than that of preschoolers and a...
- 1/1/06 - Lew, Jamie
Ogbu's theory of "burden of acting white" has been one of the most frequently cited studies to explain black and white achievement gap. However, emerging studies have argued that Ogbu's theory may be limited when examining variability of school achievement among black and white students. Research shows that in addition to culture, other social forces, such as class, peer networks, and school context may play a significant role when accounting for minority students' academic aspirations and...
- 1/1/03 - Lubienski, Sarah Theule
In the past, researchers concerned with educational achievement gaps sought to identify underlying causes of those gaps by examining deficiencies of students' home backgrounds. In reaction against this "blame the victim" approach, scholars have moved toward focusing on positive aspects of diversity. This article raises critical questions about the tradeoffs of framing all diversity as positive. The author contends that such framings divert attention from socioeconomic diversity and obscure...
- 1/1/04 - Rothstein, Richard