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Tag: determine

Tag » determine

  • The Mean Is Not Enough: Using Quantile Regression to Examine Trends in Asian-White Differences Across the Entire Achievement Distribution

    1/1/09 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    Background: In recent years, Asian Americans have been consistently described as a model minority. The high levels of educational achievement and educational attainment are the main determinants for identifying Asian Americans as a model minority. Nonetheless, only a few studies have examined empirically the accomplishments of Asian Americans, and even fewer studies have compared their achievement with other important societal groups such as Whites. In addition, differences in academic...

  • A comparison of the academic performance of Black and White freshman students on an urban commuter campus

    1/1/86 - Mannan, Golam, Charleston, Lillian, Saghafi, Behrooz

    Compared the academic performance of 3,279 entering undergraduates at a midwestern commuter university in terms of whether they had been admitted to the regular academic program or to a remedial program. Based on placement test scores, 152 Blacks and 459 Whites had been placed in remedial English and mathematics courses. Findings show that in terms of grade point averages (GPAs), Black students' performance lagged behind that of White students in both regular and remedial programs even when...

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    A User's Guide to Advocacy Evaluation Planning

    1/30/09 - Julia Coffman

    A User's Guide to Advocacy Evaluation Planning was developed for advocates, evaluators, and funders who want guidance on how to evaluate advocacy and policy change efforts. This tool takes users through four basic steps that generate the core elements of an advocacy evaluation plan, including what will be measured and how. The tool helps users: Identify how the evaluation will be used and who will use it to ensure the evaluation delivers the right kind of information when it is needed; Map...

  • An Investigation of the Impact of Racially Diverse Teachers on the Reading Skills of Fourth-Grade Students in a One Race School

    1/1/09 - Burt, Jo Linn, Ortlieb, Evan T., Cheek, Earl H., Jr.

    Despite efforts from the No Child Left Behind Act (2000) aimed at better educating minority children, the African American-Caucasian test score gap persists. The population of public school students is increasingly diverse; yet, 90[percent] of public school teachers are Caucasian females (Graybill, 1997). Within this ethnographic dichotomy, what effect does the racial makeup of faculty have on minority student success? This inquiry's central focus is to determine whether teacher ethnicity...

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    Changing the Odds for student success: What matters Most

    1/6/10 - Goodwin, B

    This report attempts to build on Neuman’s review, to include interventions that school can, and indeed, must do, to change the odds for students. Our view is that schools should be at the center of any effort to meet the needs of all students, is for no other reason than they are where millions of American students are currently educated. Those students need better opportunities today. Thus, the approach of this report is to determine principles and practices that can be employed right...

  • College Completion Gaps Between Blacks and Whites: What Accounts for Regional Differences?

    Kodrzycki, Yolanda K.

    Explores reasons for the differential college completion gaps by race across U.S. regions, focusing chiefly on adults between the ages of 25 and 34. Hypotheses; Determinants of college attendance and completion for blacks and whites; Differences in black-white socioeconomic status by region.

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    Determining adequate yearly progress from kindergarten through grade 6 with Curriculum Based Measurement

    1/3/09 - National Center on Student Progress Monitoring,

    Progress monitoring is a scientifically based practice that teachers can use to evaluate the effectiveness of their instruction for individual students or their entire class. Teachers identify goals for what their students will learn over time, measure their students' progress toward meeting these goals by comparing expected and actual rates of learning, and adjust their teaching as needed. The benefits of progress monitoring include accelerated learning for students who receive more...

  • Determining Appropriate Referrals of English Learners to Special Education: Self Assessment Guide for Principals

    1/1/02

    This guide is designed to provide principals and others with a general overview of the issue so that they may review their programs for signs of disproportionality and take appropriate action as needed.

  • Disparities in Academic Achievement and Health: The Intersection of Child Education and Health Policy

    1/1/09 - Fiscella, Kevin, Kitzman, Harriet

    Recent data suggest that that the United States is failing to make significant progress toward the Healthy People 2010 goal of eliminating health disparities. One missing element from the US strategy for achieving this goal is a focus on gaps in child development and achievement. Academic achievement and education seem to be critical determinants of health across the life span and disparities in one contribute to disparities in the other. Despite these linkages, national policy treats child...

  • Equal Access to Content Instruction for English Learners: An Example from Science

    1/1/12 - Brown, Z.A. & DiRanna, K.

    Equal access to content instruction is the foundation of educational equity—it reduces opportunity gaps that lead to achievement gaps. Achievement gaps lead to gaps in college and career access, which lead to income gaps. Income gaps lead to language gaps, thus perpetuating one of the most critical gaps we face in education. This paper is about the importance of equal meaningful access to content instruction for English learners and how academic-language instruction through content...

  • Evaluating the elimination of disparities: issues and approaches to health status and outcomes assessment

    9/1/98 - Wells, Barbara L., Conviser, Richard

    Part of a special issue on the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA). Most HRSA evaluation activities are funded through the 1 percent evaluation set-aside authority, and these are most closely examined within the agency. The framework for planning and creating priorities for evaluation studies is provided by agency, bureau, and program strategic plans, in addition to Department of Health and Human Services priorities. Studies that determine the extent to which HRSA is...

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    Gaining ground in the middle grades: Why some schools do better

    1/9/10 - Trish Williams, Michael W. Kirst, Edward Haertel, Matthew Rosin, Mary Perry, Ben Webman, Kathy Wilson, Rebecca Payne, Kathryn Morgan Woodward

    "This study contributes to the field by identifying a broad range of traditional and newer middle grade policies and practices, and determining in California which of these differentiate higher- from lower-performing schools serving similar student populations, with performance measured by the state’s standards-based tests."

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    Has progress been made in raising achievement for English Language Learners?

    1/9/10 - Center on Education Policy,

    "This report by the Center on Education Policy (CEP), an independent nonprofit organization, examines progress in raising achievement for English language learners. It also describes the factors thatmake it difficult to accurately assesswhat ELLs knowand can do.The data for this analysis were collected by CEP with technical support from the Human Resources Research Organization (HumRRO) and come from the state reading and mathematics tests used for NCLB accountability in all 50 states.The...

  • How Large an Effect Can We Expect from School Reforms?

    1/1/08 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros, Hedges, Larry V.

    Background/Context: Determining the effectiveness of reform strategies is a major part of the current and future educational research agenda. Effects of education reforms will be evaluated largely quantitatively, and an important aspect of this work will be judging how well reform strategies work. The rhetoric of contemporary school reform suggests two somewhat different solutions to the problem of the interpretive frame. One solution is derived from the idea that the goal of school reform...

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    How to Determine if Racial Disproportionality is Based in Policy, Procedures or Practice

    1/2/09 - Sue Gamm

    Examines policy, procedures, and practices that relate to the rate of disproportionality of racial minorities in special education

  • Immigration, Language, and Education: How Does Language Policy Structure Opportunity?

    1/1/09 - GÁNdara, Patricia, Rumberger, Russell W.

    Background/Context: According to U.S. Census figures, 11 million elementary and secondary students of immigrant families were enrolled in the public schools in October 2005, representing 20% of all students, and this figure is expected to grow in the coming years. Most of these students enter school as English learners (ELs), and most ELs have exceptionally low performance on measures of academic achievement and attainment. Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: This article...

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