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Tag: conditions

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  • Relating test-taking attitudes and skills and stereotype threat effects to the racial gap in cognitive ability test performance

    1/1/03 - Nguyen, Hannah-Hanh D., O'Neal, Alisha, Ryan, Ann Marie

    This research extended past studies on race effects and stereotype threat (ST) effects outside the academic domain, as well as exploring the mediating role of test-related cognition, motivation, and emotionality in the Black-White cognitive ability test performance differences. One hundred seventy-two undergraduates took a simulated personnel selection test and responded to measures of attitudinal and test-taking skills prior to and after the test. Half of the participants were told that the...

  • School racial composition and academic achievement: the case of Hmong LEP students in the USA

    1/1/08 - Lee, Moosung, Madyun, Na'im

    The existence of the achievement gap is more than just a black-white issue; contrary to stereotypes, it is a concern within Asian homes. Hmong students underachieve in comparison with many East Asian students. Traditional cultural practices and poverty have been identified as explanatory factors. Our data suggest that a more critical factor might be within-school segregation. Utilising a racial exposure statistic, it was found that the more diverse a school became, the higher the achievement...

  • Schools, Poverty, and the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Levin, B. E. N.

    The article discusses a conference that was held in June 2007 in Norway to discuss equity in educational opportunities and thereby close the achievement gap. In the U.S. is the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), which is designed to increase student achievement and in Europe is the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), which is meant to accomplish the same. It is noted that socioeconomic conditions are the most influential force influencing individual student achievement...

  • Separate But Not Yet Equal: The Relation Between School Finance Adequacy Litigation and African American Student Achievement

    1/1/06 - Glen, William J.

    The Black-White achievement gap presents perhaps the most important issue in education. Legal actions play a role in the efforts to reduce and eliminate the gap. School finance adequacy litigation offers the most widely used legal strategy to seek fairer outcomes for children. However, the literature is sparse with regard to the impact such litigation has on student outcomes. This article addresses the extent to which adequacy litigation functions as a means of narrowing the achievement gap...

  • Social Class is Dead. Long Live Social Class! Stereotype Threat among Low Socioeconomic Status Individuals

    1/1/07 - Spencer, Bettina, Castano, Emanuele

    Stereotype threat effects occur when members of a stigmatized group perform poorly on a task because they fear confirming a negative stereotype that is associated with their ingroup. The present study investigates whether the observed achievement gap in standardized testing between high- and low-socioeconomic status (SES) American students can be due, in part, to this phenomenon. Participants were placed in one of four conditions that varied in level of “threat” related to socioeconomic...

  • Testing conditions influence the race gap in cognition and achievement estimated by household survey data

    1/1/03 - Kim, Hyoshin, Baydar, Nazli, Greek, April

    The present study investigates the hypothesis that the race gap estimated using achievement test scores administered during household surveys may partly be accounted for by measurable testing conditions such as interviewer characteristics, interviewer-child interactions, and the testing environment in the home. Using the child assessments of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) in 1992, the findings clearly indicate that the factors related to testing conditions in the home have...

  • The achievement gap between science classrooms and historic inequalities

    1/1/08 - Howie, Sarah, Scherman, Vanessa

    Part of a special issue based on the secondary analysis of data from the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) focusing on gaps between subgroups. A study compared classroom conditions, teacher actions, and pupils' achievement in science for well-functioning and provisioned classrooms and not well-functioning and poorly provisioned classrooms in South Africa. The well-functioning and provisioned classrooms predominantly house White teachers and White or mixed classes in urban areas...

  • The achievement gap between science classrooms and historic inequalities

    1/1/08 - Howie, Sarah, Scherman, Vanessa

    Abstract: In the past politics deprived many African children (in particular) in South Africa the opportunity of achieving quality education. This was most especially true in subjects such as mathematics and science. In this research the science teacher-level data from Third International Mathematics and Science Study 1999 (TIMSS’99) were analysed with a view to evaluating the politicized gap between what are viewed as well-functioning and provisioned classrooms (predominantly housing...

  • The black-white "achievement gap" as a perennial challenge of urban science education: a sociocultural and historical overview with implications for research and practice

    1/1/01 - Norman, Obed, Ault, Charles R., Jr., Bentz, Bonnie

    A perennial challenge for urban education in the United States is finding effective ways to address the academic achievement gap between African American and White students. There is widespread and justified concern about the persistence of the achievement gap. In fact, historical evidence suggests that this achievement gap has existed at various times for groups other than African Americans. What conditions prevailed when this achievement gap existed for these other groups? Conversely...

  • The condition of postmodernity.

    1/1/89 - Harvey, D.
  • The Condition of Urban School Finance: Efficient Resource Allocation in Urban Schools (Selected Papers in School Finance)

    1/1/96 - Ballou, D.
  • The Pedagogy of Poverty

    1/1/05

    The article presents the editor's introduction to the December 2005 edition of "Phi Delta Kappan." The author introduces an article on segregation in the American school system by Jonathan Kozol. An article on the issue of discrimination in schooling from the September 1990 issue is reviewed. According to the author, the racial achievement gap in America has not disappeared.

  • The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. Trans.

    1/1/84 - Geoff Bennington and Brian Massumi.
  • The Structure and Culture of Information Pathways: Rethinking Opportunity to Learn in Urban High Schools during the Ninth Grade Transition

    1/1/07 - Cooper, Robert, Liou, Daniel D.

    Despite efforts to bridge the racial achievement gap, far too many school children continue to fare poorly in our nation's public schools. Oftentimes urban and low income students are negatively labeled as low-achieving, disadvantaged, and struggling. Because of this, such students frequently receive inferior or deficient information from school officials. This study examines the role of high school counselors as distributors of information and the role they play in influencing students'...

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    U.S. Performance Across International Assessments of Student Achievement: Special Supplement to The Condition of Education 2009

    1/18/09 - Stephen Provasnik, Patrick Gonzales, David Miller

    The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is congressionally mandated to report on the state of education in the United States and other countries. To carry out this mission, NCES participates in several international assessments to measure how the performance of U.S. students and adults compares with that of their counterparts in other countries. This special analysis looks closely at the information NCES has gathered from recent international studies that U.S. students have...

  • Urban/Rural Disparity and Migrant Children's Education: An Investigation into Schools for Children of Transient Workers in Beijing

    1/1/04 - Lu, Shaoqing, Zhang, Shouli

    Part of a special issue on migrant children's education and migrant children's schools in China. A study examined schools for children of transient workers in Beijing, China. Data were obtained primarily from 114 schools for migrant children in the Beijing municipality; 619 migrant peasant workers in Fengtai, Haidian, and Chaoyang districts; and teachers from these three districts who participated in a training intervention. Findings relate to how migrant children see the residence...

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