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    Addressing Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students: Overrepresentation in Special Education: Guidelines for Parents

    1/24/09 - Alfredo Artiles, Beth Harry, Equity Alliance at ASU

    Do bias or inappropriate practice play a role in the placement of culturally and linguistically diverse students in special education? Is the representation of low-income students in special education programs larger than their representation in the school population at your child’s school? If the answers to these questions are yes, it is possible your child’s school may be facing a problem that is called “overrepresentation” in its special education programs. This paper is one of...

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    On...Transformed, Inclusive Schools: A Framework to Guide Fundamental Change in Urban Schools

    1/24/08 - Diane L. Ferguson, Kozeski, Elizabeth B., Smith, Anne, Equity Alliance at ASU

    Multicultural education is not merely a set of skills and procedures learned at one point in time and applied over and over again. It is a process through which educators and other service providers learn to interpret and adapt to their personal encounters with one another. Through multicultural education, teachers and students become culturally responsive and competent, creating new pathways for communication and knowledge sharing (Liston & Zeichner, 1996).

  • Immigration from Mexico into the Math/Science Pipeline in American Education

    1/1/04 - Crosnoe, Robert, Lopez-Gonzalez, Lorena, Muller, Chandra

    The purpose of this study was to explore generational differences in math/science enrollment and achievement among Mexican-American students and the role of family and school contexts in these differences.We applied survey regression techniques to data from 12,020 adolescents in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health.Native-born Mexican-American students had lower math/science enrollment than their peers, especially after differences in family and school contexts were taken...

  • Preparation of Effective Teachers in Mathematics

    1/1/11 - McGraner, K.L., VanDerHeyden, A., and Holdheide, L., U.S. Department of Education

    The purpose of this paper is to apply the recommendations of the National Mathematics Advisory Panel (2008) to the practice of preparing and developing highly effective mathematics teachers. This paper describes the Innovation Coniguration for Effective Teaching and Learning of Mathematics. The Innovation configuration is offered as a means of evaluating and aligning teacher preparation and professional development activities to promote stronger learning of mathematics in accordance...

  • The Black-White-Other Achievement Gap: Testing Theories of Academic Performance Among Multiracial and Monoracial Adolescents

    1/1/09 - Herman, Melissa R.

    The study presented here tested three theories of racial differences in academic performance among monoracial and multiracial high school students. These theories (status attainment, oppositional culture, and educational attitudes) were developed to explain differences in achievement among monoracial groups, but the study tested how the theories apply to a multiracial sample. The results show that ethnic identity and experiences of ethnic discrimination are not strong factors in explaining...

  • The black–white test score gap and early home environment

    1/1/09 - Yeung, Wei-Jun Jean, Pfeiffer, Kathryn M.

    Based on panel data for three age cohorts of children from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we examine how early home environment contributes to black¿white achievement gaps at different developmental stages and the extent to which early gaps contribute to later racial achievement gaps. We find large black¿white test score differences among children of all ages even before children start formal schooling. Except for the oldest cohort, the gaps for all tests widened when children¿s...

  • "PRACTICING WHAT WE PREACH: AN ARGUMENT FOR COOPERATIVE LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES FOR ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATORS"

    1/1/05 - Coke, Pamela K.

    Van Allen (1996) supports a paradigm shift in how Americans think about education, from a view of school as hierarchy to school as continuum. While the relationship between elementary and secondary education is not always visible, teachers can model cooperative learning for students by working as a team across grade levels to solve problems, complete tasks, and accomplish common goals, such as reducing gaps and redundancies in education. Schools could respond more productively to elementary...

  • A "Gap-Gazing" Fetish In Mathematics Education? Problematizing Research on the Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Gutiérrez, Rochelle

    A substantial amount of research in mathematics education seeks to document disparities in achievement between middle-class White students and students who are Black, Latina/Latino, First Nations, English language learners, or working class. I outline the dangers in maintaining an achievement-gap focus. These dangers include offering little more than a static picture of inequities, supporting deficit thinking and negative narratives about students of color and working-class students...

  • A Critical Race Analysis of the Achievement Gap in the United States: Politics, Reality, and Hope

    1/1/06 - Taylor, Edward

    Federal educational legislation in the United States has focused increased attention on the racial achievement gap between minority and majority students. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation has forced high-stakes accountability in public schools, with the assumption that these policies will create performance pressures on schools to improve achievement. Yet, there is considerable evidence that performance pressures alone are unlikely to reverse long-standing racialized policies and...

  • A NEW YEAR'S RESOLUTION FOR 2007: INCREASE UNDERSTANDING OF ADOLESCENT LITERACY TO HELP CLOSE THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP

    1/1/07 - Donlevy, Jim

    The academic Achievement Gap persists even as calls intensify to close it. One fruitful area for helping to address achievement disparities is adolescent literacy. Although a great deal is known about teaching reading in the early grades, not as much is known about middle and high school literacy, areas where the Achievement Gap becomes more pronounced. This article reviews previous New Year's resolutions, calls for greater understanding of adolescent literacy, and describes some...

  • Academic achievement of homeless and highly mobile children in an urban school district: Longitudinal evidence on risk, growth, and resilience

    1/1/09 - Obradović, Jelena, Long, Jeffrey D., Cutuli, J. J., Chi-Keung, Chan, Hinz, Elizabeth, Heistad, David, Masten, Ann S.

    Longitudinal growth trajectories of reading and math achievement were studied in four primary school grade cohorts (GCs) of a large urban district to examine academic risk and resilience in homeless and highly mobile (H/HM) students. Initial achievement was assessed when student cohorts were in the second, third, fourth, and fifth grades, and again 12 and 18 months later. Achievement trajectories of H/HM students were compared to low-income but nonmobile students and all other tested...

  • Access to Higher Education: The Hope for Democratic Schooling in America

    1/1/04 - Burke, J. Bruce, Johnstone, Michelle

    The American aspiration for higher education as a road to a better life for everyone is threatened. As the economic and social gap between the upper third of the population and the bottom third widens, so access to better education, especially to higher education, becomes increasingly difficult to achieve. The traditional role of hope in the American Democratic Dream of a just and fair society is being eroded, as increasing numbers of Americans are marginalized, jailed, recruited into...

  • Achieving inclusion through CLAD: Collaborative Learning Assessment through Dialogue

    1/1/08 - Fitch, E. Frank, Hulgin, Kathleen M.

    This study measures the effectiveness of Collaborative Learning Assessment through Dialogue (CLAD) on reading achievement in inclusive classrooms in the USA. The CLAD process involved students collaboratively completing multiple-choice quizzes, using dialogue and critical thinking to reach consensus and receiving immediate feedback on their responses. The procedure was implemented in three third-grade classrooms (n = 30) in a midwestern elementary school for the purpose of reducing a...

  • Acquisition of simple and complex knowledge: a knowledge gap perspective [computer file]

    1/1/05 - Le Heron, Judy, Sligo, Frank

    This paper assesses university students' acquisition of simple and complex knowledge, in exploring whether the knowledge gap hypothesis (KGH) with its origins in community-based research into people's informal learning from mass media, provides insights into students' acquisition and retention of information. The KGH posits that attempts to equalise knowledge within a community by releasing new information into it often either has no such effect, or even worsens knowledge inequities. The...

  • African American Male Adolescents, Schooling (and Mathematics): Deficiency, Rejection, and Achievement

    1/1/06 - Stinson, David W.

    The academic achievement gap, particularly the mathematics achievement gap, between Black students and their White counterparts has been well documented with numerical facts. As mathematics education researchers attempt to develop theories and practices that assist in eradicating the gap, they would serve mathematics education well if they would expand the sphere of their research into the sociocultural arena. To assist in expanding the sphere, this article presents a review of key...

  • AFRICAN AMERICAN PARENTS IN THE SEARCH STAGE OF COLLEGE CHOICE

    1/1/06 - Smith, Michael J., Fleming, Michael K.

    A serious imbalance exists in today's African American undergraduate student population in which the number of women far outnumber the number of men. Although at the macro level, political, sociological, and economic forces frame this gender enrollment gap, scant research has explored microlevel influences such as parents and parenting. This study uses a qualitative methodology and Hossler's model of college choice to examine African American parent involvement during the search stage. The...

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