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Journal Article: Hispanic Educational Attainment: The Effects of Family Background and Nativity

Journal Article » Hispanic Educational Attainment: The Effects of Family Background and Nativity

Categories

ACADEMIC achievement, RACE, HISPANIC Americans, SOCIAL background, SOCIAL groups, NEIGHBORHOODS, EDUCATION -- United States, UNITED States, EDUCATION—STUDENTS

Authors

Wojtkiewicz, Roger A.; Donato, Katharine M.

Published

1995

Publisher

University of North Carolina Press

Abstract

This article investigates two sources of the difference in educational attainment between Hispanics and non-Hispanics: family background and nativity. Hispanics have fewer of the family background characteristics that lead to higher educational attainment. In addition, Hispanics are much more likely to be foreign born, a characteristic related to lower educational attainment. Authors' study examines the degree to which these differences in family background and nativity explain differences in educational attainment. They also investigate how the negative effect of nativity varies across Hispanic groups. According to the authors, future research of race and ethnic differences in educational achievement must emphasize both the importance of family processes and cultural perceptions of barriers to achievement. Addressing these issues requires data that measure macrolevel attributes such as neighborhood characteristics and microlevel factors such as parenting practices. Authors believe these may be the missing elements needed for a comprehensive explanation of the educational attainment of Mexicans and Puerto Ricans.

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