Learning Resources

Leadscape is now accepting applications!. Download the application (PDF).

Find out what we’ve been up to! Download the Quarterly Report here!

New Project Forum report on Principal Preparedness to Support Diverse Learners

ability abridged accommodations accuracy action activities administrators adolescent alliance alternate america applies asian assistance attitudes author background blind building characteristics coaching cognitive collaborative collection compared comprehensive conditions connections content context continuing copied council counselors creating critical current database decision describes determine developmental discrimination disorders disparities disproportionality distribution documents download economic efforts emailed emotional engagement ensure environment equalization equitable exceptional expectations explores express factors focus focuses framework funding future gender general gifted governance graduation handbook handouts health helping higher hispanic holder human identity immigrant impact implementation implications important income increasing indicator inequality influence initiative inquiry institute integration interactions international intervening involvement justice kindergarten knowledge large latino leaders lessons listserv local longitudinal making management material matters means mental methods monitoring multicultural multiple number offers organization original paper peers people perceptions permission personal perspectives planning population posted postsecondary poverty power powerpoints preparation preschool prevention print problem process proficiency progress project promoting property psychology psycinfo published questions rates readiness recommendations record reduce refer reflective related relationship requirements retardation selected series serve settings significant sites skills slide society socioeconomic specific start statistics status stereotype structure struggling suggests survey teams technical technology topical total training trends universal users version warranty working writing written years young youth

Journal Article: Father-absense and scholastic performance in primary school children

Journal Article » Father-absense and scholastic performance in primary school children

Categories

Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, Father Absence, Human Sex Differences

Authors

Vandamme, Thomas H.; Schwartz, Steven

Published

1985

Abstract

Studied the relationship between father absence and academic achievement in 21 females and 19 males from father-present (FP) homes and 21 females and 19 males from father-absent (FA) homes, all of whom were aged 8–12 yrs and of predominantly lower socioeconomic status (SES). Ss completed a battery of psychometric tests, including the Progressive Matrices, the Stanford Diagnostic Arithmetic Test—Levels I and II (Form W) and the GAP Reading Comprehension Test. Differences between the FP and FA groups in IQ and family background were controlled by matching. Ss from FP homes scored higher on standardized reading tests than did Ss from FA homes, regardless of the S's age when the father became absent. Mediating variables by which father absence may exert its influence (achievement motivation, absenteeism, parental attitudes, sex-role identity, and life stress) were also examined. Contrary to predictions, Ss from FA homes scored higher on achievement motivation measures than did Ss from intact homes. Girls from FA homes missed more school and scored lower on tests of masculinity than did girls raised in FP homes. No other mediating variables exerted a significant influence on the results. Data are discussed in terms of R. B. Zajonc and G. Marcus's (see record 1975-09290-001) confluence theory of cognitive development. (32 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA )

Files