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Journal Article: Stereotype Threat Does Not Live by Steele and Aronson (1995) Alone

Journal Article » Stereotype Threat Does Not Live by Steele and Aronson (1995) Alone


Cognitive Ability, Racial and Ethnic Differences, Self Concept, Stereotyped Attitudes, Test Scores, Blacks, College Students, Whites


Steele, Claude M.; Aronson, Joshua A.


2004, Jan


This comment notes that P. R. Sackett et al (see record 2004-10043-001) have raised a concern: that 29 mischaracterizations of an experiment from C. M. Steele and J. Aronson (see record 1996-12938-001) spread over 8 years of media reports, journal articles, and textbooks could mislead teachers, students, researchers, policymakers, and parents into believing that the African American-White test-score gap is entirely caused by stereotype and not at all by group differences in opportunities and test-related knowledge, and that this belief could undermine efforts to improve African American students' academic skills. Sackett et al focus on the reporting of only a single experiment from the first published article on stereotype threat. It is argued that this extremely narrow focus greatly exaggerates three issues. These issues are addressed in turn. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA )