Learning Resources

Leadscape is now accepting applications!. Download the application (PDF).

Find out what we’ve been up to! Download the Quarterly Report here!

New Project Forum report on Principal Preparedness to Support Diverse Learners

ability abridged accommodations accuracy action activities administrators adolescent alliance alternate america applies asian assistance attitudes author background blind building characteristics coaching cognitive collaborative collection compared comprehensive conditions connections content context continuing copied council counselors creating critical current database decision describes determine developmental discrimination disorders disparities disproportionality distribution documents download economic efforts emailed emotional engagement ensure environment equalization equitable exceptional expectations explores express factors focus focuses framework funding future gender general gifted governance graduation handbook handouts health helping higher hispanic holder human identity immigrant impact implementation implications important income increasing indicator inequality influence initiative inquiry institute integration interactions international intervening involvement justice kindergarten knowledge large latino leaders lessons listserv local longitudinal making management material matters means mental methods monitoring multicultural multiple number offers organization original paper peers people perceptions permission personal perspectives planning population posted postsecondary poverty power powerpoints preparation preschool prevention print problem process proficiency progress project promoting property psychology psycinfo published questions rates readiness recommendations record reduce refer reflective related relationship requirements retardation selected series serve settings significant sites skills slide society socioeconomic specific start statistics status stereotype structure struggling suggests survey teams technical technology topical total training trends universal users version warranty working writing written years young youth

Journal Article: Identity and school adjustment: Revisiting the "acting White" assumption

Journal Article » Identity and school adjustment: Revisiting the "acting White" assumption

Categories

Blacks, Ethnic Identity, Racial and Ethnic Attitudes, School, Adjustment, Secondary Education, Theories

Authors

Spencer, Margaret Beale; Noll, Elizabeth; Stoltzfus, Jill; Harpalani, Vinay

Published

2001

Abstract

It has long been offered as an explanation for the achievement gap between White and African American students, that African American youth would do better if they adopted a Eurocentric cultural values system. Unfortunately, this theory, along with a great amount of the established literature on minority youth identity development, depends on a deficit-oriented perspective to explain the discrepancy between African American and White students. This is problematic because the perspective denies minority youth a culturally specific normative developmental perspective of their own, and instead, compares their experience to the normative developmental processes observed in White children. This article invalidates that perspective with a Phenomenological Variant of Ecological Systems Theory approach to a study of 562 African American secondary school students (aged 11–16 yrs). These students, contrary to the traditionally offered "acting White" assumption, show high self-esteem and achievement goals in conjunction with high Afrocentricity. Further discussion of the study stresses the importance of considering the undeniable influence of culture and context. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA )

Files