Learning Resources

Leadscape is now accepting applications!. Download the application (PDF).

Find out what we’ve been up to! Download the Quarterly Report here!

New Project Forum report on Principal Preparedness to Support Diverse Learners

ability abridged accommodations accuracy action activities administrators adolescent alliance alternate america applies asian assistance attitudes author background blind building characteristics coaching cognitive collaborative collection compared comprehensive conditions connections content context continuing copied council counselors creating critical current database decision describes determine developmental discrimination disorders disparities disproportionality distribution documents download economic efforts emailed emotional engagement ensure environment equalization equitable exceptional expectations explores express factors focus focuses framework funding future gender general gifted governance graduation handbook handouts health helping higher hispanic holder human identity immigrant impact implementation implications important income increasing indicator inequality influence initiative inquiry institute integration interactions international intervening involvement justice kindergarten knowledge large latino leaders lessons listserv local longitudinal making management material matters means mental methods monitoring multicultural multiple number offers organization original paper peers people perceptions permission personal perspectives planning population posted postsecondary poverty power powerpoints preparation preschool prevention print problem process proficiency progress project promoting property psychology psycinfo published questions rates readiness recommendations record reduce refer reflective related relationship requirements retardation selected series serve settings significant sites skills slide society socioeconomic specific start statistics status stereotype structure struggling suggests survey teams technical technology topical total training trends universal users version warranty working writing written years young youth

Journal Article: Academic achievement of homeless and highly mobile children in an urban school district: Longitudinal evidence on risk, growth, and resilience

Journal Article » Academic achievement of homeless and highly mobile children in an urban school district: Longitudinal evidence on risk, growth, and resilience

Categories

LONGITUDINAL method, ACADEMIC achievement, ACHIEVEMENT gap, HOMELESS children -- Education, URBAN schools, RISK assessment, RESILIENCE (Personality trait) in children, CHILD development, CHILD psychology

Authors

Obradović, Jelena; Long, Jeffrey D.; Cutuli, J. J.; Chi-Keung, Chan; Hinz, Elizabeth; Heistad, David; Masten, Ann S.

Published

2009

Abstract

Longitudinal growth trajectories of reading and math achievement were studied in four primary school grade cohorts (GCs) of a large urban district to examine academic risk and resilience in homeless and highly mobile (H/HM) students. Initial achievement was assessed when student cohorts were in the second, third, fourth, and fifth grades, and again 12 and 18 months later. Achievement trajectories of H/HM students were compared to low-income but nonmobile students and all other tested students in the district, controlling for four well-established covariates of achievement: sex, ethnicity, attendance, and English language skills. Both disadvantaged groups showed markedly lower initial achievement than their more advantaged peers, and H/HM students manifested the greatest risk, consistent with an expected risk gradient. Moreover, in some GCs, both disadvantaged groups showed slower growth than their relatively advantaged peers. Closer examination of H/HM student trajectories in relation to national test norms revealed striking variability, including cases of academic resilience as well as problems. H/HM students may represent a major component of "achievement gaps" in urban districts, but these students also constitute a heterogeneous group of children likely to have markedly diverse educational needs. Efforts to close gaps or enhance achievement in H/HM children require more differentiated knowledge of vulnerability and protective processes that may shape individual development and achievement. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Copyright of Development & Psychopathology is the property of Cambridge University Press / UK and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

Files