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Category: school

Category » school

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    Call for Personal Stories: Turning Around the School-to-Prison Pipeline

    10/25/13 - The Civil Rights Project

    Personal narratives put a human face on school discipline issues. The idea is to draw the reader into the actual experiences of students, families, and educators in what is otherwise a volume of research findings about correlations and data differences that are relevant to policymakers. These short personal narratives will describe lives harmed by harsh policies and/or improved by superior alternatives.

  • Health Disparities and Gaps in School Readiness

    1/1/05 - Currie, Janet

    The author documents pervasive racial disparities in the health of American children and analyzes how and how much those disparities contribute to racial gaps in school readiness. She explores a broad sample of health problems common to U.S. children, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, asthma, and lead poisoning, as well as maternal health problems and health-related behaviors that affect children's behavioral and cognitive readiness for school. If a health problem is to...

  • Identity and school adjustment: Revisiting the "acting White" assumption

    1/1/01 - Spencer, Margaret Beale, Noll, Elizabeth, Stoltzfus, Jill, Harpalani, Vinay

    It has long been offered as an explanation for the achievement gap between White and African American students, that African American youth would do better if they adopted a Eurocentric cultural values system. Unfortunately, this theory, along with a great amount of the established literature on minority youth identity development, depends on a deficit-oriented perspective to explain the discrepancy between African American and White students. This is problematic because the perspective...

  • Inequality in Preschool Education and School Readiness

    1/1/04 - Magnuson, Katherine A., Meyers, Marcia K., Ruhm, Christopher J., Waldfogel, Jane

    Attendance in U.S. preschools has risen substantially in recent decades, but gaps in enrollment between children from advantaged and disadvantaged families remain. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, we analyze the effect of participation in child care and early education on children's school readiness as measured by early reading and math skills in kindergarten and first grade. We find that children who attended a center or school-based...

  • It's Not "a Black Thing": Understanding the Burden of Acting White and Other Dilemmas of High Achievement

    1/1/05 - Tyson, Karolyn, Darity, William, Jr., Castellino, Domini R.

    For two decades the acting white hypothesis--the premise that black students are driven toward low school performance because of racialized peer pressure--has served as an explanation for the black-white achievement gap. Fordham and Ogbu proposed that black youths sabotage their own school careers by taking an oppositional stance toward academic achievement. Using interviews and existing data from eight North Carolina secondary public schools, this article shows that black adolescents are...

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    Preparing Students for the Common Core State Standards in Writing

    7/22/13 - Education Northwest

    With all but a handful of states having adopted the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), schools and districts nationwide are now working to ensure effective implementation. The standards demand that all students have access to the high-quality instruction needed to meet college- and career-ready expectations. In writing, students must be able to demonstrate proficiency at their grade level in both the K–12 English Language Arts Standards and the Grade 6–12 Standards for Literacy in...

  • Reassessing the "Burden of 'Acting White'": The Importance of Peer Groups in Managing Academic Success

    1/1/03 - Horvat, Erin McNamara, Lewis, Kristine S.

    In 1986 Fordham and Ogbu introduced the idea that Black students continue to underperform in school because of their cultural opposition to "acting White." This notion of the burden of acting White and Ogbu's cultural ecological theory more broadly have provided one of the dominant theories used to explain the Black-White achievement gap. The research presented here offers a reassessment of the burden of acting White and directs researchers to examine the variation to be found in high school...

  • Reducing the gap: Success for all and the achievement of African American students

    1/1/06 - Slavin, Robert E., Madden, Nancy A.

    Success for All is a comprehensive reform model that uses cooperative learning, tutoring, family support services, and extensive professional development to help high-poverty schools succeed with their students. This article reviews research on Success for All with African American students, focusing on evidence that Success for All reduces the achievement gap between African American and White students. More than 40 studies, including a national randomized experiment, have found positive...

  • School counselors: Becoming key players in school reform

    1/1/02 - House, Reese M., Hayes, Richard L.

    This article presents the view that school counselors must be proactive leaders who are effective collaborators in advocating for the success of all students. Closing the existing achievement gap between poor students and students of color and their more advantaged peers is the focused mission of schools today. School counselors need to be integral players in helping all students gain access to rigorous academic preparation that will lead to greater opportunity for all students. By helping...

  • School readiness of children of immigrants: Does parental involvement play a role?

    1/1/08 - Lahaie, Claudia

    Objectives: Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey—Kindergarten Cohort, this article analyzes the link between parental involvement and the school readiness of children of immigrants. Methods: Multivariate regression models estimate the association between parental involvement and the school readiness in English proficiency and math scores of children of immigrants. They also estimate the impact of this association on the gap in math scores between children of...

  • The impact of racial and ethnic segregation on the achievement gap in California high schools

    1/1/92 - Rumberger, Russell W., Willms, J. Douglas

    Examined the extent and impact of racial and ethnic segregation in California high schools during the 1988-1989 school year. Using 2 widely used indices of segregation, the extent of segregation was measured in all 784 regular high schools in the state and in all 112 high schools in the 6 largest districts. Segregation was widespread throughout the state, and the extent of segregation varied widely among ethnic groups and among the 6 largest districts. Significant differences were found in...

  • The impact of the academic achievement gap on the African American family: A social inequality perspective

    1/1/07 - Leach, Monica T., Williams, Sheara A.

    The academic achievement gap impacts the African American family in various ways. It can influence how African American children experience school; and it has implications for their high school dropout and graduation rates, college attendance, and college completion rates. For parents, the academic achievement gap may influence their own socioeconomic status via their educational attainment, which then has direct implications for their children. The purpose of this article is to present a...

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    Why are Southeast Asian American students falling behind?

    2/1/13

    Southeast Asian American students experience serious educational inequalities that are often masked due to their local categorization as “Asian.”