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Category: achievement gap

Category » achievement gap

  • A Critical Race Analysis of the Achievement Gap in the United States: Politics, Reality, and Hope

    1/1/06 - Taylor, Edward

    Federal educational legislation in the United States has focused increased attention on the racial achievement gap between minority and majority students. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation has forced high-stakes accountability in public schools, with the assumption that these policies will create performance pressures on schools to improve achievement. Yet, there is considerable evidence that performance pressures alone are unlikely to reverse long-standing racialized policies and...

  • A How-to Plan for Widening the Gap

    1/1/09 - Marshall, Kim

    The article discusses ways that instructional decision making could widen achievement gaps for students. The author suggests educational leaders might increase achievement gaps through policies that benefit advantaged students, such as assigning novice teachers to classes with disadvantaged students, reducing professional development regarding classroom management and reducing classroom activities. She suggests effective teaching, a positive classroom environment, teacher collaboration...

  • A NEW YEAR'S RESOLUTION FOR 2007: INCREASE UNDERSTANDING OF ADOLESCENT LITERACY TO HELP CLOSE THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP

    1/1/07 - Donlevy, Jim

    The academic Achievement Gap persists even as calls intensify to close it. One fruitful area for helping to address achievement disparities is adolescent literacy. Although a great deal is known about teaching reading in the early grades, not as much is known about middle and high school literacy, areas where the Achievement Gap becomes more pronounced. This article reviews previous New Year's resolutions, calls for greater understanding of adolescent literacy, and describes some...

  • Academic achievement of homeless and highly mobile children in an urban school district: Longitudinal evidence on risk, growth, and resilience

    1/1/09 - Obradović, Jelena, Long, Jeffrey D., Cutuli, J. J., Chi-Keung, Chan, Hinz, Elizabeth, Heistad, David, Masten, Ann S.

    Longitudinal growth trajectories of reading and math achievement were studied in four primary school grade cohorts (GCs) of a large urban district to examine academic risk and resilience in homeless and highly mobile (H/HM) students. Initial achievement was assessed when student cohorts were in the second, third, fourth, and fifth grades, and again 12 and 18 months later. Achievement trajectories of H/HM students were compared to low-income but nonmobile students and all other tested...

  • African American Male Adolescents, Schooling (and Mathematics): Deficiency, Rejection, and Achievement

    1/1/06 - Stinson, David W.

    The academic achievement gap, particularly the mathematics achievement gap, between Black students and their White counterparts has been well documented with numerical facts. As mathematics education researchers attempt to develop theories and practices that assist in eradicating the gap, they would serve mathematics education well if they would expand the sphere of their research into the sociocultural arena. To assist in expanding the sphere, this article presents a review of key...

  • An Approach to Eradicating the Achievement Gap: Making Instruction Meaningful

    1/1/08 - Campos, David

    The article discusses how lessons taught to white and Asian students may eliminate the achievement gap. According to the author, social factors affect children of color including African American and Latino school children making them not as proficient as their white and Asian-American counterparts. An overview of the lesson plan reflecting questions on the students' personal experience that relate to social, political, and economic conditions is offered. The author suggests that teachers...

  • Another Look at the Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Ford, Donna Y., Grantham, Tarek C., Whiting, Gilman W.

    Many studies have been conducted on the achievement gap, with most findings pointing to how school and family variables affect Black students' achievement. Another body of work focuses on how social variables (i.e., peers) impact Black students' achievement, including how accusations of "acting White" affect the performance of Black students and contribute to the achievement gap. The current descriptive and exploratory study extends this work by examining peer pressure among Black students...

  • Beginning Reading Instruction in Urban Schools: The Curriculum Gap Ensures a Continuing Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Teale, William H., Paciga, Kathleen A., Hoffman, Jessica L.

    The article discusses literacy issues in U.S. urban schools, including the literacy achievement gap and the curriculum gap. The literacy achievement gap refers to the disparity in academic achievement between different groups. The curriculum gap refers to the current reforms related to early literacy instruction, resulting in the absence of or insufficient attention to curriculum elements critical for success in reading and writing. The measures taken by the government to address these...

  • Beyond Black and White: The Model Minority Myth and the Invisibility of Asian American Students

    1/1/07 - Wing, Jean

    This study of diverse Asian American students at a racially integrated public high school illustrates that the achievement gap is a multi-racial problem that cannot be well understood solely in terms of the trajectories of Black and white students. Asian American students demonstrated a high academic profile on average, but faced difficulties and failure in ways rendered invisible by widespread acceptance of the “Model Minority Myth,” which says that Asians comprise the racial minority...

  • Building The Movement To End Educational Inequity

    1/1/08 - Kopp, Wendy

    This article explores the efforts and success of the Teach for America (TFA) program. The author examines the disparities in education and achievement that exist between poor and affluent communities and claims that national policy and practice are not designed to combat the problems poor schools face. The author notes that TFA has shown that when students from poor schools are provided with the opportunities students from affluent communities have, they succeed. The author discusses the...

  • Cambodian Invisibility: Students Lost between the "Achievement Gap" and the "Model Minority"

    1/1/08 - Wallitt, Roberta

    This article discusses one aspect of a research study that explored the school experiences of Cambodian American students. Due to their invisibility in the school setting and also in the literature on school reform, these children from refugee families are often overlooked as schools attempt to "close the achievement gap." Through their own words, the young people provide insight as to why the schools are so ineffective in educating them, resulting in disproportionate dropout rates and...

  • Caring Closes the Language-Learning Gap

    1/1/09 - Borba, Mary

    The article discusses how relationships between schools and families of English language learners (ELLs) can affect academic achievement and parental participation in education. The author notes achievement gaps between ELLs and English speakers and discusses how parental involvement in education improves achievement. She recommends the use of bilingual personnel and translation of school documents to improve conditions for parents of ELLs and suggests that parent education programs offering...

  • Closing Achievement Gaps: Roles and Tasks of Elementary School Counselors

    1/1/08 - Trusty, Jerry, Mellin, Elizabeth A., Herbert, James T.

    Achievement gaps among racial-ethnic and socioeconomic status groups are an enduring, pervasive, and multifaceted phenomenon. Therefore, efforts aimed at understanding and addressing these gaps must be developmentally and environmentally broad, involving numerous school counselor roles and tasks, including leadership, advocacy, collaboration, and strategic interventions. In this article, we first document achievement gap trends and then provide a framework for understanding and sequencing...

  • CLOSING THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP IN MATH: CONSIDERING EIGHTH GRADE ALGEBRA FOR ALL STUDENTS

    1/1/06 - Spielhagen, Frances R.

    Should all students study algebra in eighth grade? Would offering early access to algebra to all students help close the achievement gap among minority populations? Traditional educational policies that provide eighth grade algebra to selected students raise questions about equitable access to advanced opportunities for all students. Even when access appears to be equitable throughout a school district's population, undetected lapses in equity may occur related to identification procedures...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap Through Evidence-Based Inquiry at Multiple Levels of the Education System

    1/1/07 - Timperley, Helen S., Parr, Judy M.

    A national literacy professional development project reduced the achievement gap for students experiencing difficulties in reading or writing in 91 of New Zealand's schools. It was based on two premises: coherence within and between the multiple levels of the schooling and educational administration systems and a focus on evidence-informed inquiry into effectiveness at each level of the system. Over the 2 years of the project's operation, these two premises interacted in ways that led to...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: Examining the Role of Cognitive Developmental Level in Academic Achievement

    1/1/06 - Cooper, Jennifer, Schleser, Robert

    The achievement gap in mathematics between African American and Caucasian students has been observed for several decades, though previous research has been unable to fully explain why the gap exists. Using a sample of 56 kindergarten and first grade students, this study examined the role that cognitive developmental level plays in the achievement gap. Results indicated that African American students scored significantly lower than the Caucasian students on a test of mathematical achievement...

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