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Category: accountability

Category » accountability

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    A blueprint for reform: The reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    1/2/10 - U.S. Department of Education,

    "This blueprint builds on the significant reforms already made in response to the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 around four areas: (1) Improving teacher and principal effectiveness to ensure that every classroom has a great teacher and every school has a great leader; (2) Providing information to families to help them evaluate and improve their children’s schools, and to educators to help them improve their students’ learning; (3) Implementing college- and career-ready...

  • Accountability in a Postdesegregation Era: The Continuing Significance of Racial Segregation in Florida's Schools

    1/1/04 - Borman, Kathryn M., Eitle, Tamela McNulty, Michael, Deanna, Eitle, David J., Lee, Reginald, Johnson, Larry, Cobb-Roberts, Deirdre, Dorn, Sherman, Shircliffe, Barbara

    In the wake of both the end of court-ordered school desegregation and the growing popularity of accountability as a mechanism to maximize student achievement, the authors explore the association between racial segregation and the percentage of students passing high-stakes tests in Florida's schools. Results suggest that segregation matters in predicting school-level performance on the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test after control for other known and purported predictors of standardized...

  • Accountability, Standards, and the Growing Achievement Gap: Lessons from the Past Half-Century

    1/1/06 - Harris, Douglas N., Herrington, Carolyn D.

    The rise of accountability policies during the early 1990s coincided with an increase in the achievement gap between white and minority students, reversing decades of steady improvement in outcome equity. This article explores the policies that helped to reduce the achievement gap before 1990, the effects of the subsequent shift toward accountability, and what can be learned from past successes to guide the future development of accountability systems. An extensive review of research...

  • Do national and state assessments converge for educational accountability? A meta-analytic synthesis of multiple measures in Maine and Kentucky

    1/1/07 - Lee, Jaekyung

    Given the policy imperative of using multiple measures for state education accountability under the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), this study examines similarities and discrepancies between the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) and the states' own math assessment results in Kentucky and Maine, with a focus on 3 major academic performance indicators: proficiency level, achievement gap, and achievement gain. Using meta-analytic techniques, the study synthesizes multiple...

  • Does school accountability lead to improved student performance?

    1/1/05 - Hanushek, Eric A., Raymond, Margaret E.

    The leading school reform policy in the United States revolves around strong accountability of schools with consequences for performance. The federal government's involvement through the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 reinforces the prior movement of many states toward policies based on measured student achievement. Analysis of state achievement growth as measured by the National Assessment of Educational progress shows that accountability systems introduced during the 1990s had a clear...

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    Educating English language learners at the high school level: A coherent approach to district- and school-level support

    1/3/09 - National High School Center,

    The development of state policy to promote academic achievement for ELLs is critical to improving educational outcomes and consistent with the goals of increasing high school graduation rates and meeting Adequate Yearly Progress under the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. Recent research indicates that states have multiple opportunities to take the initiative in supporting school systems and schools in their efforts to keep ELLs on track to meet postsecondary success.

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    Final report: How district-wide systems change impacted LRE for students with severe disabilities

    1/23/10 - Kozeski, Elizabeth B., Sullivan, Amanda L., Equity Alliance at ASU

    "This final report chronicles the outcomes of the second generation National Institute for Urban School Improvement (NIUSI), Award Number # H326B020002. Built on the previous five years of innovative work from 1997-2002 (a $5 million award), NIUSI’s second round of funding ($3.5 million) produced important results that offer a district-wide blueprint for the design and delivery of least restrictive environments and access to the general education curriculum for students with disabilities...

  • High-Stakes Accountability, State Oversight, and Educational Equity

    1/1/04 - Mintrop, Heinrich

    This article argues that outcome-based accountability systems are not likely to close the achievement gap. Using California as an example, it suggests that states need to pay closer attention to learning conditions and powerful programs that deliver quality interventions. The article describes the design of the California low-performing schools program, discusses reasons for its limited effectiveness, and suggests design features that may increase the chances for the state to reach its...

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    Measuring What Matters: A Stronger Accountability Model for Teacher Education

    1/2/10 - Crowe, Edward

    The redesigned accountability system proposed in this paper is an effort to direct regulatory oversight to things that matter: whether or not K-12 students are learning, how well teachers have developed the classroom teaching skills to be effective with their students, a graduate’s commitment to teaching as a professional career, feedback from graduates and employers, and high-quality tests of teacher knowledge and skills that are tied to classroom teaching performance and K-12 student...

  • No Child Left Behind and High School Reform

    1/1/06 - Darling-Hammond, Linda

    Although No Child Left Behind (NCLB) aims to close the achievement gap that parallels race and class, some of its key provisions are at odds with reforms that are successfully overhauling the large, comprehensive high schools that traditionally have failed students of color and low-income students in urban areas. While small, restructured schools are improving graduation and college attendance rates, NCLB accountability provisions create counterincentives that encourage higher dropout and...

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    Quality Indicators of Inclusive Early Childhood Programs/Practices

    1/28/11 - Cate, D., Diefendorf, M., McCullough, K., Peters, M. L., & Whaley, K.

    Overall quality measures of inclusion based on an average rating of a program, classroom or setting may not reflect the actual inclusion experience or appropriateness for individual children. Multiple measures, along with individually relevant information and periodic review, may be the best way of determining the quality of inclusion experiences and opportunities for individual children. Consideration of the actual inclusion experience of individual children, their families and peers, and...

  • So Many Children Left Behind

    1/1/07 - Stiefel, Leanna, Schwartz, Amy Ellen, Chellman, Colin C.

    Although the No Child Left Behind Act was intended to help "all students meet high academic standards," it is focused on subgroups of low-achieving students. The authors analyze the possible impact of the legislation's requirement for performance reporting by racial subgroup in light of the considerable racial segregation in U.S. schools. In particular, using data on elementary and middle schools in New York State. the authors show that the schools are so highly segregated that more than...

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    The Color of Discipline: Sources of Racial and Gender

    1/1/00 - Skiba, R.J., Simmons, A.B., Ritter, S., Kohler, K., Henderson, M., Wu, T.

    Disproportionate representation of minority students, especially African Americans, in a variety of school disciplinary procedures has been documented almost continuously for the past 25 years, yet there has been little study of the factors contributing to that disproportionality. Whether disparate treatment of a group can be judged as bias depends largely on the extent to which other hypotheses that could provide a credible alternative explanation of the discrepancy can be ruled out. In...

  • Top Three Things the President Did for K-12 Education in 2013

    1/1/14 - Lynch, Matthew

    At the turn of every calendar year, it seems that lists abound that remind us of everything that happened in the prior year and give a sneak peek of what to expect in the next. Seeing these often celebrity-heavy lists crowd my social media feeds got me thinking -- what would a list of the president's accomplishments when it comes to education look like for 2013?

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    What Works in Improving Low-Performing Schools and Districts?

    1/5/09 - Christie, Kathy

    A new ECS Progress of Education Reform highlights recent research that explores what works in improving low-performing schools and districts, examines what is being learned from research and looks at the subsequent implications for state policy.