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Category: UNITED States

Category » UNITED States

  • The No Child Left Behind Act Raises Growing Concerns

    1/1/06 - McReynolds, Kate

    The article focuses on the impact of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of U.S. President George W. Bush on the quality of education in the country. The legislation aims to close the achievement gap the exists in education. It is conceived that NCLB will not achieve its goals. In a survey conducted by the Center on Educational Policy, 71% of the school districts in the country have narrowed their curricula in order to meet government benchmarks in math and reading since the passage of NCLB.

  • THE NOTORIOUS G-A-P

    1/1/00 - Lewis, Anne C.

    Focuses on the academic performance gap between Caucasian and minority students in the United States. How results from standardized testing show that the gap has grown throughout the 1990s; Inability of researchers to fully explain why the gap has grown; Findings which indicate that the widening of the academic gap coincided with the appearance of so-called gangsta rap.

  • The Pedagogy of Poverty

    1/1/05

    The article presents the editor's introduction to the December 2005 edition of "Phi Delta Kappan." The author introduces an article on segregation in the American school system by Jonathan Kozol. An article on the issue of discrimination in schooling from the September 1990 issue is reviewed. According to the author, the racial achievement gap in America has not disappeared.

  • The Relationships of Peer Norms, Ethnic Identity, and Peer Support to School Engagement in Urban Youth

    1/1/07 - Shin, Richard, Daly, Bryan, Vera, Elizabeth

    Investigating variables associated with the school success and educational resilience of urban youth of color should be a high priority because of the persistent achievement gap in the United States. The current study examined individual and peer factors' relation to the school engagement of 132 seventh- and eighth-grade students from a diverse public elementary school in a large Midwestern city. The participants ranged in age from 12 to 15 years old. In this study, positive peer norms, peer...

  • The Role of Cognition, Motivation, and Emotion in Explaining the Mathematics Achievement Gap Between Hispanic and White Students

    1/1/06 - Stevens, Tara, Olivárez Jr, Arturo, Hamman, Doug

    The authors investigated the relationships between cognitive, motivational, and emotional variables across Hispanic and White students to predict mathematics performance. A theoretically based structural model fit a total sample of 666 4th- to 10th-grade students well, supporting that self-efficacy, sources of self-efficacy, and emotional feedback were all stronger predictors of mathematics performance than general mental ability. Tests of the structural model across ethnicity suggested a...

  • Thinking Carefully About Equity and Accountability

    1/1/00 - Scheurich, James Joseph, Skrla, Linda, Johnson, Joseph F.

    Focuses on education in the United States and how children from low-income families, particularly minority families, do not perform as well as children from middle class families. How standardization efforts have met with criticism and approval in their attempts to decrease the learning gap; Suggestion that many educators have given up on children from lower income families; Proposal of ways to deal with the problem using various criteria to develop an effective state program.

  • This Issue: Closing Achievement Gaps: What Will It Take?

    1/1/05 - Uline, Cynthia L., Johnson Jr, Joseph F.

    Discusses whether the U.S. system of public education is structured in a manner that is likely to result in achievement gaps. Access to education in the last half of the 20th century; Enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act; Factors which education systems must accomplish to close achievement gaps.

  • UNDERSTANDING HOW U.S. SECONDARY SCHOOLS SORT STUDENTS FOR INSTRUCTIONAL PURPOSES: ARE ALL STUDENTS BEING SERVED EQUALLY?

    1/1/08 - Mayer, Anysia

    This article reviews the current research literature on how secondary schools sort students for instructional purposes. Current sorting practices are based on early American philosophies of schooling where the goal of school was to provide students with different curricula based on preparation for future occupations. The article reviews the research on the educational consequences of tracking as well as the processes school's use to place students in various courses. The article also...

  • Understanding Trends in the Black-White Achievement Gaps during the First Years of School

    1/1/06 - Murnane, Richard J., Willett, John B., Bub, Kristen L., McCartney, Kathleen

    The article examines the research conducted by Ronald G. Fryer and Steven D. Levitt, focusing on differences by grade in the black-white test score gap in reading and mathematics, based on analyses of data on the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K) in the U.S. The types of school quality indicators used are discussed. A comparison between the data sets of ECLS-K and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) is also presented.

  • Unintended Consequences: African American Male Educational Attainment and Collegiate Perceptions After Brown v. Board of Education

    1/1/08 - Dancy, I. I. T. Elon E., Brown, I. I. M. Christopher

    The nexus between educational attainment and collegiate perceptions for African American male undergraduates after Brown v. Board of Education et al.'s are explored in this study. Terenzini Transitions to College interview protocol was used to assess participants' precollege, in-class, and out-of-class experiences in college. A sample of eight African American men representing diverse socioeconomic backgrounds and precollege experiences was interviewed to gauge their sensemaking in two...

  • Unpacking Immigration in Youths' Academic and Occupational Pathways

    1/1/06 - Tseng, Vivian

    This study sought to unpack how immigration is associated with youths' educational choices during the transition to college and adulthood. Surveys and school records were collected on 789 youth (ages 18–25) with Asian Pacific, Latino, African/Afro-Caribbean, and European backgrounds. The results indicated generational differences in educational choices, such that children of immigrants chose courses of study with higher math and science content than that of their peers with U.S.-born...

  • Using Storytelling to Break the Silence That Binds Us to Sameness in Our Schools

    1/1/06 - Caruthers, Loyce

    This qualitative study explores storytelling as a staff development strategy to break the silence surrounding cultural difference in schools and to view differences as key elements of teaching and learning. Stories, interviews, and observations were the data for constructing meaning of existing school cultures with a long history of promoting reform without attention to constructs of race/ethnicity, class, and gender. Findings suggested that (a) stories of urban educators contain historical...

  • What's on Your Nation's Report Card?

    1/1/07 - Norton Iii, Anderson H.

    The article discusses the mathematics problems used on the U.S.'s National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), also known as the Nation's Report Card. The author focuses on a constructed-response item, designed to reveal students' problem-solving abilities and conceptual understanding, and uses it to illustrate how a different interpretation of students' responses can reveal more about their reasoning and lead to a different assessment. He discusses aspects of student responses that...

  • Where Is Lake Wobegon, Anyway?

    1/1/98 - Rothstein, Richard

    Asserts that social promotion cannot be blamed for the deterioration of school standards. Social promotion as the practice of promoting children whose performance is below grade level; How California and New York City have responded to social promotion; Problem with rewarding students merely for being in school, rather than for proficiency; How varied backgrounds predispose children to perform differently.

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