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Category: UNITED States

Category » UNITED States

  • Closing the Diversity Gap in Advanced Placement Course Enrollment

    1/1/06 - VanSciver, James H.

    The article discusses why there is a need to close the diversity gap in advanced placement course enrollment in the U.S. Issues of diversity are alive the public schools. As school officials across the U.S. exert efforts in closing the achievement gap, that dilemma is not the only one confronting educators as they struggle to plug holes and close gaps with respect to students who represent the diverse cultures in the country.

  • Closing the Mathematics Achievement Gap in High-Poverty Middle Schools: Enablers and Constraints

    1/1/06 - Balfanz, Robert, Byrnes, Vaughan

    The mathematics achievement levels of U.S. students fall far behind those of other developed nations; within the United States itself, the students who are falling behind come predominantly from high-poverty and high-minority areas. This article reports on a series of analyses that followed 4 cohorts of students from 3 such schools through the 5th to 8th grades, where studies have found the mathematics achievement gap to develop most rapidly. The cohorts followed in these analyses attended...

  • COMMENT ON RACIAL AND ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN RETURNS ON EDUCATIONAL INVESTMENT IN CALIFORNIA AND TEXAS

    1/1/76

    Comments on a study by Albert Niemi on racial and ethnic variations in rates of return on educational investment in California and Texas. Incorrect estimates of Niemi; Comparison of the methodology used by Niemi and other investigators; Data on rates of return on investment in education for males in 1969.

  • Creating Schools Where Race Does Not Predict Achievement: The Role and Significance of Race in the Racial Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Noguera, Pedro A.

    This article explores the ways in which race is implicated in efforts to address the achievement gap in U.S. schools. Through an analysis of the theoretical and historical issues that have framed the relationship between race and intellectual ability, the author explains why the effort to close the achievement gap is politically and socially significant. The efforts of two suburban school districts to address the achievement gap is presented to illustrate why some schools are making progress...

  • Disparities in Academic Achievement and Health: The Intersection of Child Education and Health Policy

    1/1/09 - Fiscella, Kevin, Kitzman, Harriet

    Recent data suggest that that the United States is failing to make significant progress toward the Healthy People 2010 goal of eliminating health disparities. One missing element from the US strategy for achieving this goal is a focus on gaps in child development and achievement. Academic achievement and education seem to be critical determinants of health across the life span and disparities in one contribute to disparities in the other. Despite these linkages, national policy treats child...

  • Districtwide Instructional Reform: Using Sociocultural Theory to Link Professional Learning to Organizational Support

    1/1/08 - Gallucci, Chrysan

    No Child Left Behind Act accountability pressures and calls to close achievement gaps between groups of students have challenged school districts to achieve systemwide instructional improvement. These policies create learning challenges for classroom teachers and for school and district leaders. This article engages questions about organizational support for professional learning in the context of reform initiatives. A theoretical lens--called the Vygotsky Space--is used to analyze case...

  • Enabling all students to learn

    1/1/97 - Lewis, Anne C.

    Opinion. Discusses education policy in the United States. Failures of education programs and policies as a major theme of those who oppose federal programs in education; Challenges facing the Title I program; Uncertainty of whether changes can close the academic gap between poor students and those from wealthier families; Features of successful schools that were mentioned in the `Special Strategies' study; Findings of of other education reports.

  • Eradicating the Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Robertson, Harvetta

    The article discusses ways on attaining the goal of abolishing the achievement gap still present among U.S. schools in the 21st century. According to the author, despite of the technological advancements and institutional practices that are research-based, academic achievement and equal learning opportunities for U.S. students are not yet achieved. An overview of the ways to help students associate their knowledge with th instructional content is offered. It also suggests that participation...

  • Exacerbating inequality: the failed promise of the No Child Left Behind Act

    1/1/07 - Hursh, David

    The passage of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) marks the largest intervention of the federal government into education in the history of the United States. NCLB received and continues to receive support, in part because it promises to improve student learning and to close the achievement gap between White students and students of color. However, NCLB has failed to live up to its promises and may exacerbate inequality. Furthermore, by focusing on education as the solution to social and...

  • Family (Dis)Advantage and the Educational Prospects of Better Off African American Youth: How Race Still Matters

    1/1/07 - Gosa, Travis L., Alexander, Karl L.

    While the educational difficulties of poor black students are well documented and have been discussed extensively, the academic performance of well-off African American children has received much less attention. Even with economic and educational resources in the home, well-off African American youth are not achieving at the levels of their white peers. Why is this? A review of relevant literature identifies a set of social processes that pose formidable barriers to the academic and personal...

  • Family Education and Community Power: new structures for new visions in the educational village

    1/1/02 - Breitborde, Mary-Lou, Swiniarski, Louise Boyle

    Noting that differences and inequality of education exist in the United States of America, this paper presents two model educational programs that address the iniquities in American public education. The first model is a collaborative effort of a public school in an urban northeast community, the Robert L. Ford Elementary School of Lynn, Massachusetts, USA and a public supported college of higher education, Salem State College, Salem, Massachusetts, USA, whose joint venture is known as The...

  • Fighting injustice through education

    1/1/04 - Waite, Cally L., Crocco, Margaret Smith

    The article presents findings from research investigating the history of the U.S. black education during the first half of the twentieth century and provides insight into the application of Brian Simon's, an educationist, ideas to different national context. Hundreds of black scholars pursued advanced degrees at a select group of northern research universities with cutting-edge programmes in the field of education. Belief in the political power to be gained through liberal education...

  • FOCUS ON MATHEMATICS

    1/1/06 - Rycik, James A.

    The article focuses on the teaching of mathematics in schools in the United States. A study related to the impact of the intimidation associated with gender stereotypes is discussed. An overview of a study completed by psychologist Matthew S. McGlone of the University of Texas is included. The study suggested that using prompts which remind students of their successes will help narrow the gaps in performance between men and women. Also discussed are the standards of the mathematical...

  • Gender Differences and Similarities in PISA 2003 Mathematics: A Comparison between the United States and Hong Kong

    1/1/09 - Liu, Ou Lydia, Wilson, Mark

    Differential gender performance in standardized mathematics assessment has long been a heated topic. Gender gaps of varied magnitude have been identified on large-scale assessments in the United States. To continue the investigation, this study examined male and female performance on the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003 mathematics along four in-depth dimensions (strand, content topics, competency cluster, and item format). Furthermore, to identify the shared and...

  • Hispanic Educational Attainment: The Effects of Family Background and Nativity

    1/1/95 - Wojtkiewicz, Roger A., Donato, Katharine M.

    This article investigates two sources of the difference in educational attainment between Hispanics and non-Hispanics: family background and nativity. Hispanics have fewer of the family background characteristics that lead to higher educational attainment. In addition, Hispanics are much more likely to be foreign born, a characteristic related to lower educational attainment. Authors' study examines the degree to which these differences in family background and nativity explain differences...

  • Immigration from Mexico into the Math/Science Pipeline in American Education

    1/1/04 - Crosnoe, Robert, Lopez-Gonzalez, Lorena, Muller, Chandra

    The purpose of this study was to explore generational differences in math/science enrollment and achievement among Mexican-American students and the role of family and school contexts in these differences.We applied survey regression techniques to data from 12,020 adolescents in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health.Native-born Mexican-American students had lower math/science enrollment than their peers, especially after differences in family and school contexts were taken...

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