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Category: Sex differences

Category » Sex differences

  • Classroom interaction and gender disparity in secondary vocational instruction

    1/1/91 - Smith, Douglas C.
  • Closing of the gender gap in technology enriched science education: a case study

    1/1/00 - Mayer-Smith, Jolie, Pedretti, Erminia, Woodrow, Janice

    This case study explores a popular assertion, namely that success in technology enriched science classrooms is gender dependent. We investigate how students respond to substantive changes that accompany a comprehensive integration of technology with the teaching and learning of secondary science and physics. Specifically, we ask: (1) Do female students view, participate, and achieve differently than male students in technology enhanced science classrooms? and, (2) If not, why not? Empirical...

  • Different, Not Better: Gender Differences in Mathematics Learning and Achievement

    1/1/08 - Geist, Eugene A., King, Margaret

    This article reviews the assessment data, literature and research on gender differences in mathematics. The question of whether boys are better at mathematics has been an issue in education for the past 5 years. The assumption is that there is a biological difference between boys and girls that make boys predisposed to do better in mathematics. Data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress disputes this assumption. The NAEP shows a gap of only 2 points between girls and boys and...

  • Effects of single-sex and coeducational schooling on the gender gap in educational achievement

    1/1/08 - Gibb, Sheree J., Fergusson, David M., Horwood, L. John

    This study examined the effects of single-sex and coeducational schooling on the gender gap in educational achievement to age 25. Data were drawn from the Christchurch Health and Development Study, a longitudinal study of a birth cohort of 1265 individuals born in 1977 in Christchurch, New Zealand. After adjustment for a series of covariates related to school choice, there were significant differences between single-sex and coeducational schools in the size and direction of the gender gap...

  • Gender differences in academic achievement and the educational implications

    1/1/00 - Cheng, Gang, Xie, Guiyang

    Part of a special issue on women's education and employment in China. A study investigated gender difference among college students in China. Data were obtained from international research and a survey of three universities in the Wuhan region of China. The results indicate that female students' motivation to study rose significantly because they attributed their success to the positive factor of effort but they still underestimated their own ability, that female students have made some...

  • Gender Disparity in Mathematical Performance Revisited; Can Training in Problem Solving Bring Difference Between Boys and Girls?

    1/1/07 - Adeleke, M. A.
  • Gender gap linked to differential socialization for high-achieving senior mathematics students

    1/1/98 - Campbell, James R., Beaudry, Jeffrey S.

    Gender equity, especially in technical areas involving mathematics, is the focus of much current research. There are three explanations offered for gender inequities: biological causes, greater variability among male students, and cultural causes. High-achieving 11th-grade mathematics students (330 boys, 213 girls) who participated in the Longitudinal Study of American Youth (LSAY) were studied. Campbell's differential socialization paradigm was used as a theoretical framework. The results...

  • Narrowing the Gap?

    1/1/08 - Howie, Sarah ed, Plomp, Tjeerd ed

    A special issue based on the secondary analysis of data from the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study focusing on gaps between subgroups is presented. This special issue consists of five articles that look at subgroups in an individual country and study differences in performance in math and science between those groups as well as one article that takes a multinational approach to analyzing trends in gender differences.

  • Parental care and intrusiveness as predictors of the abilities-achievement gap in adolescence

    1/1/98 - Feldman, Ruth, Guttfreund, Daniel, Yerushalmi, Hannoch

    A study was conducted to examine the relationship between adolescents' perceptions of parental care and intrusiveness and the abilities-achievement gap. Data were drawn from 200 Israeli adolescents who self-reported representations of parental care and intrusiveness, externalizing symptoms, and internalizing symptoms. Results revealed that there was a larger gap between abilities and achievement in language and mathematics for boys than there was for girls and that this gap was accounted for...

  • Race-ethnicity, SES, gender, and language proficiency trends in mathematics achievement: an update

    1/1/97 - Tate, William F.

    The purpose of this article is to document changes in U.S. mathematics achievement by reviewing national trend studies, college admissions examinations, and Advanced Placement tests. This article examined this quantitative research literature to determine trends in mathematics achievement of various social groups defined along lines of race, class, gender, ethnicity, and language proficiency. The findings of this review indicate that over the last 15 years all demographic groups have...

  • Revisiting the Gender Gap

    1/1/08 - Rycik, James A.

    An overview of recent articles on and research into gender issues in middle and high schools is provided.

  • The gender gap and discriminating power in the national curriculum key stage three science assessments in England and Wales

    1/1/99 - Preece, Peter F. W., Skinner, Nigel, Riall, Robin A. H.

    A study examined gender differences in science achievement. Data were obtained from students in year 9 who were taking the national key stage 3 science tests in England and Wales. The results revealed that the most pronounced gender differences, which were in favor of boys, occurred in the higher level papers taken by more able students; that the largest gaps occurred at this level in physics questions; and that the more discriminating questions tended to exhibit larger gender gaps in favor...

  • Who is most responsible for gender differences in scholastic achievements: pupils or teachers?

    1/1/04 - Klein, Joseph

    The disparities between the scholastic achievements of girls and boys have been attributed to biological and sociological factors. The present study investigated the validity of these explanations in a multi-variable situation similar to field conditions. Achievement scores of 3446 pupils in the 5th through 11th grades, half girls and half boys, were sampled. The study controlled for teacher gender, teacher seniority, teachers' tendency to assign high or low grades, ratings of pupils'...