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Category: Minority students

Category » Minority students

  • A READING PROGRAM TO NARROW THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP

    1/1/08 - Erickson, Elizabeth

    The article presents a study on an Intensive Reading program (IR) intervention for sixth grade students who were behind at least one year in reading proficiency. The article evaluates whether the program increased student achievement and discusses how students of different ethnic groups performed in the program. Findings showed that no ethnic group performed better than the others. An overview of the literature related to the teaching of reading and active learning is also provided.

  • According to Jim: The Disproportions of Abilities

    1/1/09 - Gallagher, James J.

    The article discusses the factors involved on the issue about disproportion which refers to the absence of minority students in the classroom of gifted students in the U.S. One main factor is an assumption of equality in ability between ethnic and racial groups at birth with no superior races involved. The author explains that the country's educational system is facing real differences in the development of intellectual abilities of students by school age which is a morally and socially...

  • Addressing the Achievement Gap Between Minority and Nonminority Children by Increasing Access to Gifted Programs

    1/1/04 - Olszewski-Kubilius, Paula, Lee, Seon-young, Ngoi, Mephie

    Project EXCITE is a collaborative program of a university-based gifted center and local school districts designed to prepare gifted minority elementary and middle school students for advanced tracks in math and science in high school. This paper describes the characteristics and components of the EXCITE program and gives data regarding the academic and school achievement of participating students over the past 3 years. Results showed that most of the students were retained in the program...

  • Addressing the Achievement Gap Between Minority and Nonminority Children: Increasing Access and Achievement Through Project EXCITE

    1/1/06 - Olszewski-Kubilius, Paula

    Part of a special issue on underrepresented populations. The writer discusses Project Excite, which was developed with the aim of raising the achievement of gifted minority students in a large suburban school district of Chicago so that they could qualify for advanced programs and accelerated tracks in high school in math and science. After having discussed the elements of the project, she presents findings on the extent to which the project increased both minority student access to advanced...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap in Math: Considering Eighth Grade Algebra for All Students

    1/1/06 - Spielhagen, Frances R.

    Should all students study algebra in eighth grade? Would offering early access to algebra to all students help dose the achievement gap among minority populations? Traditional educational policies that provide eighth grade algebra to selected students raise questions about equitable access to advanced opportunities for all students. Even when access appears to be equitable throughout a school district's population, undetected lapses in equity may occur related to identification procedures...

  • From the Achievement Gap to the Education Debt: Understanding Achievement in U.S. Schools

    1/1/06 - Ladson-Billings, Gloria

    The achievement gap is one of the most talked-about issues in U.S. education. The term refers to the disparities in standardized test scores between Black and White, Latina/o and White, and recent immigrant and White students. This article argues that a focus on the gap is misplaced. Instead, we need to look at the "education debt" that has accumulated over time. This debt comprises historical, economic, sociopolitical, and moral components. The author draws an analogy with the concept of...

  • Physical Activity, Obesity, and the Academic Achievement Gap in Minority Children

    1/1/08 - Johnson, Ingrid L.

    A review of recent studies on obesity, academic achievement, and physical activity is provided. The studies revealed that many children, especially from minority populations, do not engage in the recommended 60 minutes of physical activity per day, which conceivably contributes to overweight and obesity, especially in minority children to whom the No Child Left Behind Act is primarily directed; there is a significant and positive link between physical activity and weight control; and there...

  • Race, inequality and educational accountability: the irony of 'No Child Left Behind'

    1/1/07 - Darling-Hammond, Linda

    The No Child Left Behind Act, the major education initiative of the Bush Administration, was intended to raise educational achievement and close the racial/ethnic achievement gap. Its strategies include focusing schools' attention on raising test scores, mandating better qualified teachers and providing educational choice. Unfortunately, the complex requirements of the law have failed to achieve these goals, and have provoked a number of unintended negative consequences which frequently harm...

  • RACIAL PROMOTION THROUGH RACIAL EXCLUSION

    1/1/00 - Crawford, Curtis

    The article presents information on a report which says that racial disparities in academic achievement are unacceptable in the United States. Racial disparities should be eliminated with all possible speed. The language of the report is emphatic and insistent. Eliminating the large educational achievement gaps among the nation's racial and ethnic groups is the most important educational challenge. In order to increase minority participation, race-based affirmative action has often been...

  • Recursive Processes in Self-Affirmation: Intervening to Close the Minority Achievement Gap

    1/1/09 - Cohen, Geoffrey L., Garcia, Julio, Purdie-Vaughns, Valerie, Apfel, Nancy, Brzustoski, Patricia

    A 2-year follow-up of a randomized field experiment previously reported in Science is presented. A subtle intervention to lessen minority students' psychological threat related to being negatively stereotyped in school was tested in an experiment conducted three times with three independent cohorts (N = 133, 149, and 134). The intervention, a series of brief but structured writing assignments focusing students on a self-affirming value, reduced the racial achievement gap. Over 2 years, the...

  • REDUCING THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP

    1/1/00 - McCombs, Barbara L.

    The article presents information on a report which reviews the promising practices that have been recognized for reducing the achievement gaps for the underrepresented minority groups in the United States. An impressive set of recommendations for accomplishing the goal of "reaching the top" for underrepresented minority students has been offered by the National Task Force on Minority High Achievement. The Task Force indicates the limited presence of students in African American, Latino and...

  • Reducing the Gap: Success for All and the Achievement of African American Students

    1/1/06 - Slavin, Robert E., Madden, Nancy A.

    Success for All is a comprehensive reform model that uses cooperative learning, tutoring, family support services, and extensive professional development to help high-poverty schools succeed with their students. This article reviews research on Success for All with African American students, focusing on evidence that Success for All reduces the achievement gap between African American and White students. More than 40 studies, including a national randomized experiment, have found positive...

  • Reducing the Racial Achievement Gap: A Social-Psychological Intervention

    1/1/06 - Cohen, Geoffrey L., Garcia, Julio, Apfel, Nancy, Master, Allison

    Two randomized field experiments tested a social-psychological intervention designed to improve minority student performance and increase our understanding of how psychological threat mediates performance in chronically evaluative real-world environments. We expected that the risk of confirming a negative stereotype aimed at one's group could undermine academic performance in minority students by elevating their level of psychological threat. We tested whether such psychological threat could...

  • Secondary Education Systemic Issues: Addressing Possible Contributors to a Leak in the Science Education Pipeline and Potential Solutions

    1/1/05 - Young, Hollie

    To maintain the legacy of cutting edge scientific innovation in the United States our country must address the many pressing issues facing science education today. One of the most important issues relating to science education is the under-representation of African Americans and Hispanics in the science, technology, and engineering workforce. Foreshadowing such under-representation in the workforce are the disproportionately low rates of African American and Hispanic students attaining...

  • Separate But Not Yet Equal: The Relation Between School Finance Adequacy Litigation and African American Student Achievement

    1/1/06 - Glen, William J.

    The Black-White achievement gap presents perhaps the most important issue in education. Legal actions play a role in the efforts to reduce and eliminate the gap. School finance adequacy litigation offers the most widely used legal strategy to seek fairer outcomes for children. However, the literature is sparse with regard to the impact such litigation has on student outcomes. This article addresses the extent to which adequacy litigation functions as a means of narrowing the achievement gap...

  • The 2007 Charles H. Thompson Lecture-Colloquium Presentation: Creating Schools Where Race Does Not Predict Achievement: The Role and Significance of Race in the Racial Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Noguera, Pedro A.

    A study investigated the ways in which race is implicated to deal with the achievement gap in U.S. schools. Based on the evaluation of theoretical and historical issues that have framed the association between race and intellectual ability, this analysis provided an explanation of why the effort to close the achievement gap was politically and socially significant. To demonstrate why some schools are making progress in closing the achievement gap while others are not, the efforts of two...

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