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Category: EDUCATION -- Research

Category » EDUCATION -- Research

  • A READING PROGRAM TO NARROW THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP

    1/1/08 - Erickson, Elizabeth

    The article presents a study on an Intensive Reading program (IR) intervention for sixth grade students who were behind at least one year in reading proficiency. The article evaluates whether the program increased student achievement and discusses how students of different ethnic groups performed in the program. Findings showed that no ethnic group performed better than the others. An overview of the literature related to the teaching of reading and active learning is also provided.

  • African American Male Adolescents, Schooling (and Mathematics): Deficiency, Rejection, and Achievement

    1/1/06 - Stinson, David W.

    The academic achievement gap, particularly the mathematics achievement gap, between Black students and their White counterparts has been well documented with numerical facts. As mathematics education researchers attempt to develop theories and practices that assist in eradicating the gap, they would serve mathematics education well if they would expand the sphere of their research into the sociocultural arena. To assist in expanding the sphere, this article presents a review of key...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap Through Evidence-Based Inquiry at Multiple Levels of the Education System

    1/1/07 - Timperley, Helen S., Parr, Judy M.

    A national literacy professional development project reduced the achievement gap for students experiencing difficulties in reading or writing in 91 of New Zealand's schools. It was based on two premises: coherence within and between the multiple levels of the schooling and educational administration systems and a focus on evidence-informed inquiry into effectiveness at each level of the system. Over the 2 years of the project's operation, these two premises interacted in ways that led to...

  • Gap or Gaps: Challenging the Singular Definition of the Achievement Gap

    1/1/06 - Carpenter Ii, Dick M., Ramirez, Al, Severn, Laura

    For decades, researchers examined the ‘achievement gap’ between minority and nonminority students. This singular definition of achievement gap ignores important within-group differences. This article uses National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS:88) data to examine within-group differences and compares those across Latino, African American, and White populations. Results question the singular definition of achievement gap. Given the importance of how issues are defined, a singular...

  • Immigration, Language, and Education: How Does Language Policy Structure Opportunity?

    1/1/09 - GÁNdara, Patricia, Rumberger, Russell W.

    Background/Context: According to U.S. Census figures, 11 million elementary and secondary students of immigrant families were enrolled in the public schools in October 2005, representing 20% of all students, and this figure is expected to grow in the coming years. Most of these students enter school as English learners (ELs), and most ELs have exceptionally low performance on measures of academic achievement and attainment. Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: This article...

  • Lasting Consequences of the Summer Learning Gap

    1/1/07 - Alexander, Karl L., Entwisle, Doris R., Olson, Linda Steffel

    Prior research has demonstrated that summer learning rooted in family and community influences widens the achievement gap across social lines, while schooling offsets those family and community influences. In this article, we examine the long-term educational consequences of summer learning differences by family socioeconomic level. Using data from the Baltimore Beginning School Study youth panel, we decompose achievement scores at the start of high school into their developmental...

  • More Than One Gap: Dropout Rate Gaps Between and Among Black, Hispanic, and White Students

    1/1/07 - Carpenter Ii, Dick M., Ramirez, Al

    The achievement gap, traditionally measured by test scores, also can be documented by dropout behavior. Examining dropout behavior among Black, White, and Hispanic students, with a particular focus on gaps within groups and not just between Whites and minorities, shows a clearer picture of the achievement gap. The results of our study show multiple achievement gaps both between and within groups, ultimately concluding that within-group gaps were often more significant than gaps between...

  • The achievement gap between science classrooms and historic inequalities

    1/1/08 - Howie, Sarah, Scherman, Vanessa

    Abstract: In the past politics deprived many African children (in particular) in South Africa the opportunity of achieving quality education. This was most especially true in subjects such as mathematics and science. In this research the science teacher-level data from Third International Mathematics and Science Study 1999 (TIMSS’99) were analysed with a view to evaluating the politicized gap between what are viewed as well-functioning and provisioned classrooms (predominantly housing...

  • The Call: The Importance of Research on African American Issues in Mathematics and Science Education

    1/1/05 - Moses-Snipes, Pamela R., Snipes, Vincent T.

    The article reflects on the challenges posed to researchers to close the achievement gap between African American students and their white counterparts in mathematics and science education. It cited several issues that need to be addressed and solved to be able to uplift and motivate African American students to strive, achieve excellence and pursue careers in the mathematics and sciences. The issues cited are historical awareness of the education of African Americans, teacher expectations...

  • The Diverse Experiences of Hispanic Students in the American Educational System

    1/1/05 - Crosnoe, Robert

    Hispanic students have long been considered at risk in the American educational system. A better understanding of the diverse experiences of Hispanics can help to counteract this risk—in what ways, and where, do they do well or poorly or some mixture of both? To further this understanding, this study applies developmental and demographic perspectives to a representative sample of Hispanic high school students. First, analyses of the sample identified four student profiles based on various...

  • Within-School Gender Gaps in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy

    1/1/08 - Xin, Ma

    This article reports on gender-gaps in educational achievement and how they vary in reading, mathematics, and science comprehension. These within-school gaps began to decrease in the U.S. after the 1980s until female students began outperforming male students in the 1990s. The article discusses factors related to performance variations, including national education policies, culture, and individual and family characteristics. The article also examines gender inequality, student-teacher...